In accordance with the IATI standard, the BMU has been publishing comprehensive information on ongoing and newly committed projects and programmes in the area of climate protection and biodiversity conservation on a quarterly basis since 31 March 2016.

Since 2008, the International Climate Initiative (IKI) has supported more than 750 projects, providing total funds of over 4.5 billion euros (as of December 2020). Monitoring and reporting of projects as well as the overall programme helps the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) to manage the IKI and continually measure its success, while also helping it to meet reporting requirements.

Following a first evaluation that took place in 2011/2012, BMU launched a current second evaluation process in 2017. In addition to the evaluation of particular IKI projects, the assessment also includes cross-project outcome evaluation with a focus on selected issues. Furthermore, recommendations for the final IKI-evaluation system will be developed. 



The German Federal Government publishes comprehensive and up-to-date information about its climate finance activities in order to inform the public about how it uses budget funds. This also helps to further enhance the effectiveness of Germany’s climate finance activities. Support measures are more efficient when the use of funds is disclosed and outflows are predictable and transparent. That is why the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) publishes details of ongoing and newly committed projects and programmes every quarter in accordance with the IATI standard.

Transparent climate finance makes it easier for recipient countries to plan their activities, reduces the risk of corruption, increases the partners’ sense of ownership and promotes mutual accountability.

In order to make Germany’s climate finance as transparent as possible, the BMU applies current international transparency standards when describing its activities. The BMU is also involved in designing these standards in the framework of relevant transparency initiatives such as the ‘International Aid Transparency Initiative’ (IATI).

Germany is a founding member of the International Aid Transparency Initiative (IATI), in which donors, partner countries and actors of civil society and the private sector work together to inform the public in detail and in plain language about the use of funds in international climate finance.

The information is machine-readable and may be used freely provided the source is stated. It is in line with the International Aid Transparency Initiative (IATI) standard and also available from the international IATI Registry.

The reports to the IATI include an overview of activities that are ongoing, completed or newly committed in the field of climate and biodiversity, financed by the BMU and executed by Germany’s implementing organisations and non-governmental project executing agencies.


Results-based monitoring lays the foundation for assessing project results and for accountability to the donors. International Climate Initiative (IKI) projects are designed in accordance with the results logic of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). Each IKI project uses a monitoring system that, among others, provides data for annual reporting to the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU). The IKI programme as a whole is evaluated on a regular basis in order to gather relevant data to meet reporting requirements at international level – for example in the context of fast-start finance – and to provide information for other needs.

In 2015, an extended monitoring and reporting system including standard indicators for the IKI has been implemented which provides even more detailed information on the direct and long-term impacts of both the individual projects and the overall programme. Standard indicators for all projects allow aggregating achieved impacts for summarizing the central impact of the IKI funding programme.

Each projects reports on not only the project-specific indicators, but also the six overarching standard indicators to which it has made a significant contribution.

IKI's standard indicators are:

  • Reduction indicator: Reduction in greenhouse gas emissions and increase in carbon storage (as tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent) in the project/programme area.
  • Person indicator: Number of people the project directly assists with adaptation to climate change impacts or ecosystem conservation.
  • Ecosystem indicator: Ecosystem area (in hectares/km coast) that is improved or protected by the project’s activities.
  • Policy indicator: Number of new or improved policy frameworks for managing climate change and/or conserving biodiversity.
  • Institution indicator: Number of new or improved institutionalised structures or processes for managing climate change and/or conserving biodiversity.
  • Methods indicator: Number of new or improved methodological tools for managing climate change and conserving biodiversity.

On behalf of the BMU, a consortium consisting of Germanwatch, Ecofys and the Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy developed methodological and procedural handbooks for monitoring and reporting at project and programme level from 2011-2013, and tested their feasibility, that the existing monitoring system builds on. The results of this project have been reviewed and specific elements have been integrated into the IKI guidelines on project planning and monitoring.

Applicants, whose submitted project outlines have passed the first stage of the selection process according to predefined criteria by the BMU, are invited in a second phase to submit detailed project proposals. These proposals are expected to be drafted in concordance with the guidelines on results-based project planning and monitoring in the IKI (see link “further information”).


The main objective of the IKI evaluation system is a lean and cost-efficient method for transparent verifying the success and accounting. Through effective learning and enhanced management at project and programme level, it supports a continuous increase in performance.

From January 2011 until December 2012, the first independent evaluation of the IKI was conducted on behalf of the BMU. A summary of the results can be downloaded in the margin on the right. The objective of this evaluation was to assess the results and impacts of 115 individual projects as well as the overall programme. In May 2017, the IKI started the second evaluation cycle following on the evaluation in 2011-12. Within a systematic evaluation plan, additional 425 projects will be assessed. All these projects are completed either by now or by the end of 2019. Furthermore, far-reaching impact is examined for understanding the underlying mechanism.

The evaluations aim to have three fundamental objects:

  1. The statements of relevant, effective and efficient use of funds and the achieved impacts serve the accountability to the German parliament. This increases transparency for the target groups, the partner countries, national and international professional public.
  2. Comparing the relevance, effectiveness and efficiency of different project approaches and impact mechanisms as well as the quality of project implementing agencies, the evaluation leads to a more effective operational and strategic steering of the overall programme by the BMU and IKI Secretariat.
  3. At the level of the BMU, IKI Secretariat and the implementing agency, the evaluations strengthen learning about the impact mechanisms of the IKI and the strategic and operative success drivers of the IKI projects. It is the base for enhanced planning and implementation. In addition, further climate and biodiversity initiatives are encouraged through learning at the level of partner countries and expert public.

All evaluations meet the principles and quality standards for evaluation in development co-operation of the Development Assistance Committee of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD DAC 2010, 1991).