Transparency

In accordance with the IATI standard, the BMUB has been publishing comprehensive information on ongoing and newly committed projects and programmes in the area of climate protection and biodiversity conservation on a quarterly basis since 31 March 2016.

Since 2008, the International Climate Initiative (IKI) has supported more than 500 projects, providing total funds of around 2.3 billion euros (as of April 2017). Monitoring and reporting of projects as well as the overall programme helps the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) to manage the IKI and continually measure its success, while also helping it to meet reporting requirements.

In addition, the results and impacts of the IKI-funded projects and the programme as a whole are comprehensively evaluated, providing the basis for recommendations towards the IKI's continued strategic development.

IATI Data

IATI Logo

The German Federal Government publishes comprehensive and up-to-date information about its climate finance activities in order to inform the public about how it uses budget funds. This also helps to further enhance the effectiveness of Germany’s climate finance activities. Support measures are more efficient when the use of funds is disclosed and outflows are predictable and transparent. That is why the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) publishes details of ongoing and newly committed projects and programmes every quarter in accordance with the IATI standard.

Transparent climate finance makes it easier for recipient countries to plan their activities, reduces the risk of corruption, increases the partners’ sense of ownership and promotes mutual accountability.

In order to make Germany’s climate finance as transparent as possible, the BMUB applies current international transparency standards when describing its activities. The BMUB is also involved in designing these standards in the framework of relevant transparency initiatives such as the ‘International Aid Transparency Initiative’ (IATI).

Germany is a founding member of the International Aid Transparency Initiative (IATI), in which donors, partner countries and actors of civil society and the private sector work together to inform the public in detail and in plain language about the use of funds in international climate finance.

The information is machine-readable and may be used freely provided the source is stated. It is in line with the International Aid Transparency Initiative (IATI) standard and also available from the international IATI Registry.

The reports to the IATI include an overview of activities that are ongoing, completed or newly committed in the field of climate and biodiversity, financed by the BMUB and executed by Germany’s implementing organisations and non-governmental project executing agencies.

Monitoring

International Climate Initiative (IKI) projects are designed in accordance with the results logic of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). Each IKI project uses a monitoring system that, among other things, provides data for annual reporting to the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB). The IKI programme as a whole is evaluated on a regular basis in order to gather relevant data to meet reporting requirements at international level – for example in the context of fast-start finance – and to provide information for other needs.

In late 2014, an extended monitoring and reporting system for the IKI has been implemented which provides even more detailed information on the direct and long-term impacts of both the individual projects and the programme as a whole. In particular, the new system gathers information on the contribution of projects to reducing greenhouse gas emissions, supporting adaptation to climate change and conserving biological diversity in the target countries.

On behalf of the BMUB, a consortium consisting of Germanwatch, Ecofys and the Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy carried out a project from 2011 to 2013 that developed methodological and procedural handbooks for monitoring and reporting at project and programme level, and tested their feasibility. Among other things, these handbooks include guidelines for the selection and application of indicators that are specifically adapted for IKI funding areas. The handbooks also provide information on co-benefits and safeguards, and stakeholder participation. The results of this project have been reviewed and specific elements have been integrated into IKI procedures.

Criteria for assessing biological diversity

In a supplementary project, the Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN) was commissioned to develop proposals for biodiversity criteria. Forests and wetlands play a key role in biodiversity conservation. The application of the new criteria will help ensure that climate change mitigation projects in these areas have as great an impact as possible in conserving biodiversity. BfN commissioned the World Conservation Monitoring Centre of the UN Environmental Programme (UNEP-WCMC) with a project supporting this aim. The project, running from 2011 to early 2014, has developed criteria to ensure that biodiversity is taken into account when designing, selecting and evaluating projects in the IKI funding areas 'Adaptation' and 'Conserving natural carbon sinks/REDD+'. The project results are being fed into the process described above with the aim of expanding the monitoring system, particularly in terms of safeguards and co-benefits.

Evaluation

From January 2011 until December 2012, the first independent evaluation of the IKI was conducted on behalf of the BMUB. A summary of the results can be downloaded in the margin on the right.

The objective of this evaluation was to assess the results and impacts of 115 individual projects as well as the overall programme. The evaluation aimed to demonstrate the extent to which the projects: 1) contribute to achieving the goals of the IKI; 2) contribute to achieving the national climate protection goals of the partner countries; 3) have produced climate protection impacts or will do so in the future. In addition, the evaluation will assess the economic efficiency of the projects. Ultimately, it will inform recommendations that the BMUB will draw upon when determining the future development of the IKI strategy and funding guidelines.

The BMUB has commissioned the Federal Environmental Agency (UBA) to coordinate the evaluation process. Following a public invitation to tender, the UBA awarded the evaluation contract to a consortium consisting of the GFA Consulting Group and GFA Envest.

This first evaluation phase applied to all projects that received funding during the IKI's first two years - 2008 and 2009. The individual projects were assessed based on final evaluations (+/- six months before the end of the project). On-site evaluations were conducted for 22 sample projects, based on studies and surveys in the project countries. The other 93 projects were evaluated by means of a desk study process supplemented by telephone and email surveys.