International Climate Initiative (IKI) projects are designed in accordance with the results logic of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). Each IKI project uses a monitoring system that, among other things, provides data for annual reporting to the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB). The IKI programme as a whole is evaluated on a regular basis in order to gather relevant data to meet reporting requirements at international level – for example in the context of fast-start finance – and to provide information for other needs.
In late 2014, an extended monitoring and reporting system for the IKI has been implemented which provides even more detailed information on the direct and long-term impacts of both the individual projects and the programme as a whole. In particular, the new system gathers information on the contribution of projects to reducing greenhouse gas emissions, supporting adaptation to climate change and conserving biological diversity in the target countries.
On behalf of the BMUB, a consortium consisting of Germanwatch, Ecofys and the Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy carried out a project from 2011 to 2013 that developed methodological and procedural handbooks for monitoring and reporting at project and programme level, and tested their feasibility. Among other things, these handbooks include guidelines for the selection and application of indicators that are specifically adapted for IKI funding areas. The handbooks also provide information on co-benefits and safeguards, and stakeholder participation. The results of this project have been reviewed and specific elements have been integrated into IKI procedures.
Criteria for assessing biological diversity
In a supplementary project, the Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN) was commissioned to develop proposals for biodiversity criteria. Forests and wetlands play a key role in biodiversity conservation. The application of the new criteria will help ensure that climate change mitigation projects in these areas have as great an impact as possible in conserving biodiversity. BfN commissioned the World Conservation Monitoring Centre of the UN Environmental Programme (UNEP-WCMC) with a project supporting this aim. The project, running from 2011 to early 2014, has developed criteria to ensure that biodiversity is taken into account when designing, selecting and evaluating projects in the IKI funding areas 'Adaptation' and 'Conserving natural carbon sinks/REDD+'. The project results are being fed into the process described above with the aim of expanding the monitoring system, particularly in terms of safeguards and co-benefits.