15th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD COP-15)

In Kunming, the global community will chart out the course required to secure the future of the planet’s biodiversity and ecosystems. Since its formation, IKI has supported the implementation of measures to achieve global biodiversity targets.

Biological diversity is of fundamental importance for the proper functioning of ecosystems and their ecosystem services are vital for the survival of the human race. Protecting these services is now one of our most important tasks and is inextricably linked to climate change mitigation.

At international level, the federal government is working with other nations on solutions to this critical challenge, and is also a co-signatory to the UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and Agenda 2030, with its 17 ambitious Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

Following the expiry of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 and its specific goals for action, the 20 Aichi targets, the global community is now developing a new framework for biodiversity for the post-2020 period. This is to be adopted at the fifteenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD COP-15).

“Now is the time to begin a new chapter in the conservation of global biodiversity. We have centuries of destroying nature behind us, now a decade of restoration begins.We can succeed if we join forces”: strong words from Federal Environment Minister Svenja Schulze that highlight the importance of the new negotiations.

IKI flyer on the CBD COP-15

IKI flyer on the CBD COP-15 for download


Biological diversity – our common responsibility

Factsheet, published by BMU and BMZ 

Originally planned for 2020, CBD COP-15 will be held as a two-part event as a result of Covid-19 restrictions. Running from 11 to 15 October 2021, the largely virtual preliminary meeting will be used to complete key preparatory work before the final negotiations. According to current planning, these will take place from 25 April to 8 May 2022 as a face-to-face event in Kunming, China. The preliminary meeting will also include a meeting attended by senior government figures, which will conclude with a ‘Kunming Declaration’ that underlines the political will to protect biological diversity.

The new global framework for biodiversity will define the most important guidelines for human interaction with nature over the next decade. This framework must also ensure that global activities focus squarely on conservation and sustainable use, together with the fair and equitable sharing of benefits from the use of genetic resources. This is to be achieved with ambitious and measurable targets as well as effective mechanisms of implementation. Significant financial investment will be required – as has also been emphasised by Environment State Secretary Jochen Flasbarth:

“We must ensure that we close the global funding gap for biodiversity.Funds and subsidies that damage or destroy biodiversity should be eliminated and positive incentives for nature conservation strengthened.We also need to mobilise new funds from all sources and to use financial resources more efficiently and effectively.”

IKI as a funding instrument for biodiversity conservation

Yet we need much more than simply a set of ambitious targets. The International Climate Initiative (IKI) is an important part of the German contribution to the international financing of climate action and biodiversity conservation, and therefore the global implementation of such measures.

Since 2011, the conservation of biodiversity has been a separate funding area within IKI. Since biodiversity is also more than just a cross-cutting issue in other funding areas, many projects in these other areas are also contributing to conservation efforts.

Other focal points for the funding area include the conservation and expansion of protected areas, the sustainable use and restoration of ecosystems, and reductions to the degradation, fragmentation and exploitation of ecosystems. The concept of ecosystem-based adaptation to climate change as well as the principles behind sustainable methods of production, biodiversity-friendly agriculture and sustainable fishing make up some other important topic areas. Urban biodiversity – and with it the interactions between city and countryside and their mutual interdependencies – is also becoming increasingly significant.

By providing investments, advice to governments, technology transfer and research partnerships, IKI projects improve the abilities of both governments and civil society actors in partner countries. A particular point of focus for this support is the drafting and implementation of national biodiversity strategies and action plans (NBSAPs).In this work, knowledge sharing as well as raising awareness and the participation of key actors often plays a part in the effective and long-term conservation of biological diversity. IKI uses a broad and varied spectrum of approaches to help its partner countries as they mobilise resources for the conservation of biodiversity: these approaches include the marketing of products that are biodiversity-friendly, the integration of biodiversity into the private and financial sectors as well as the promotion of ecotourism.

Since the formation of IKI in 2008, around 300 biodiversity projects have been financed, amounting to a total funding volume of over EUR 1.3 billion.

Continue to the IKI funding area "Biodiversity Conservation"

Further articles on this topic from the IKI projects


Header: BMU

Fishing boat: Elegua Producciones/TNC Colombia