IKI at COP 23

The signatories of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change met from 6 to 17 November in Germany, for the 23rd Conference of the Parties (COP23) under Presidency of the Government of Fiji. Attention was therefore focused on issues such as adaptation to climate change, which are particularly important for the small island states. COP 23 took place from 6 to 17 November in the German city of Bonn.

The Conference of the Parties is the highest body of the Framework Convention on Climate Change. At COP 21 in Paris the first binding climate protection treaty was agreed that involves all 195 member states of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. The regulation and implementation of the Paris Agreement has been in the foreground in Bonn, as well as linking the goals adopted therein to concrete measures of the states.

Through its International Climate Initiative (IKI), the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) is supporting partner countries in developing their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). IKI projects work closely together with public and private actors in order to help improve the policy and economic conditions for implementing national climate targets. By gaining access to know-how and cooperation on technology, policy advice and investment measures, IKI partners are able to develop and carry out appropriate methods and instruments for adaptation and transformation processes.

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IKI Factsheets on climate and biodiversity policy support

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  • The International Climate Initiative

    Since 2008, the International Climate Initiative (IKI) of the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) has been financing climate and biodiversity projects in developing and newly industrialising countries, as well as in countries in transition.

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    Building Capacities for NDC Formulation

    With ratification of the Paris Agreement, concluded in December 2015 at the 21st Conference of the Parties (COP21) in Paris, industrialized countries as well as emerging economies and developing countries commit themselves to take action in order to limit global warming to 2 and preferably 1.5 degree Celsius.
    The actual “climate outcome” of the Paris Agreement will mainly depend on implementation of the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), that all states must submit to the Secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

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    Building Capacity for MRV

    With the Paris Agreement (2015) the world is set on course for transformative climate action to cut emissions and build climate resilience. Transparency is one of the backbones of the Agreement and important for building international trust and – inter alia - tracking of progress towards achieving Parties' INDCs. Measurement, Reporting, and Verification (MRV) is central to this transparency system, since it describes all measures which Parties take to collect data on emissions, mitigation actions and support, and to compile this information in reports and greenhouse gas (GHG) inventories which are then subject to some form of international review or analysis.

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    Mobilising Finance for mitigation and climate change adaptation

    Developing countries in particular face enormous challenges in mobilising financial resources and using funding for the necessary climate change adaptation and mitigation measures. The mitigation of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, the preservation of natural carbon reservoirs and the adaptation to the impacts of climate change all require financial resources - to build solar power systems and wind turbines, for energy-efficient building refurbishment, to expand public transport systems, for reforestation, to strengthen flood protection measures, to set up protected areas and much more.

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    Building Capacity for NAMAs

    Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) are voluntary measures by developing countries and emerging economies to reduce Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions in the form of projects, programmes, or policies, ideally aiming at transforming whole sectors. They should be embedded in Low Carbon Development Strategies (LCDS), which have been developed in most countries, and are building blocks of the (Intended) Nationally Determined Contributions ((I)NDCs) to an international climate change agreement. An MRV (Measurement, Reporting and Verification) system is necessary to determine the actions’ effectiveness, i.e. whether the planned GHG emission reductions were achieved.

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    Sustainable Urban Development

    Today more than half of the global population lives in cities. According to UN Habitat the share of people living in urban areas will increase to 70% by 2050 with the majority of urban growth taking place in emerging economies and developing countries. Cities are responsible for around 70% of global energy-related greenhouse gas emissions as sectors with high emissions such as industry, transport, housing and waste concentrate in metropolitan areas.

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    Opportunities of Sustainable Mobility

    Mobility is essential for the social and economic development of a country. Reliable transport systems have positive impacts on a country's economy and improve access to jobs, education and health care. However, current trends in the transport sector are mostly unsustainable. The tremendous growth of motorised transport is one of the key challenges for sustainable development worldwide. With 27%, the transport sector already contributes the second highest share of energy-related CO2 emissions globally and is the fastest growing sector in terms of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. These trends will continue if sustainable transport solutions are not systematically introduced.

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    Building Capacity for Ecosystem-based Adaptation

    The concept of ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA) has become an increasingly important aspect of the international climate policy debate. For instance, over 20 countries refer explicitly to EbA in their INDC submissions (Intended Nationally Determined Contributions) to the UNFCCC while over 100 countries indicate ecosystem-based visions for adaptation . Furthermore, EbA measures are often embedded in National Adaptation Plans (NAPs) as well as many other decisions and planning making processes. The Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) specifically promotes the approach through its International Climate Initiative (IKI).

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    Building Capacity for NAPs

    In response to the increased necessity to consider medium-to long-term planning for climate change adaptation within the framework of national development priorities, the National Adaptation Plan (NAP) process was established in 2010 under the Cancun Adaptation Framework (CAF) at the 16th Conference of Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The NAP process is designed specifically for least developed countries (LDCs), but invites all developing countries to follow the developed guidance.

     

     

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    Conservation, Restoration and Sustainable Useof Natural Carbon Sinks – REDD+

    Globally, forests are the biggest terrestrial carbon sink. Their destruction and unsustainable use cause major greenhouse gas emissions which contribute considerably to global climate change. Currently, forest loss is particularly severe in tropical developing countries – mainly due to the rising global demand for agricultural and livestock products such as soy, palm oil, coffee, cocoa, rubber, meat and leather. Halting deforestation and restoring forests asset out by the Bonn Challenge which aims to restore 150 Mio ha until 2020 can contribute considerably to the mitigation of CO2 and keeping global warming below 2°C.

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IKI Videos

  • The International Climate Initiative (IKI) in a nutshell

    Since 2008, the International Climate Initiative (IKI) of the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) cooperates with partner countries in the practical implementation of climate change mitigation and biodiversity conservation measures. Since its establishment, it has launched more than 500 projects. The total project volume since 2008 amounts to €2.3 billion.

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  • Mitigating greenhouse gas emissions

    The International Climate Initiative (IKI) supports partner countries in developing and implementing innovative instruments for reducing their greenhouse gas emissions.

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  • Adapting to the impacts of climate change

    The International Climate Initiative (IKI) is supporting particularly vulnerable countries and regions in increasing their capacity to adapt to the effects of climate change.

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  • Conserving natural carbon sinks/REDD+

    The International Climate Initiative (IKI) supports partner countries in the practical implementation of the international mechanism for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries (REDD+).

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  • Conserving biological diversity

    The International Climate Initiative (IKI) supports partner countries to implement the targets of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 (Aichi Targets) of the international Convention on Biological Diversity.

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  • COP23: The last cranes of Cambodia

    A conservation area and the introduction of organic farming aim to save the last 1,000 Sarus cranes in the wetlands along the mighty Mekong.

    A film by Christian Jaburg

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  • Protecting biodiversity in the island paradise of the Seychelles

    Protection of the ecosystem and a myriad of species has high priority on the Seychelles. The BIOFIN initiative will support the country in its efforts.

    A film by Kilian Schütze

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  • Putting people before palm oil in Guatemala

    The word Guatemala means "place of many trees" in Mayan. But oil palms and cornfields now blanket the land once covered in forest. Some are hoping to change that by protecting woodland and local livelihoods.

    A film by Katja Losch

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  • Green fix for food transport

    Coolants used in food transportation are often worse for the climate than CO2 emissions. Now a new cooling system is making the trip from farm to store greener.

    A film by Cornelia Borrmann

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  • City planners in Brazil discover the value of nature

    For a long time, nature was not high on the list of important features for city planners in Brazil. But increased landslides and pollutions have forced them to rethink their strategy.

    A film by Philipp Barth

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  • Russia's peat bogs: An opportunity for the world's climate

    Peat bogs store twice as much carbon as all forests in the world, making their conservation essential for the fight against climate change. A project in Russia is doing even better: it is rewetting bogs.

    A film by Kerstin Palzer

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  • Climate-friendly coffee farming in Costa Rica

    Coffee production contributes significantly to Costa Rica’s economy – but also to the country’s CO2 emissions. Small-scale farmers should now use climate-friendly farming techniques.

    A film by Katja Döhne

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  • Struggling to save Fiji's marine wealth

    The Pacific nation of Fiji is considered a paradise on earth. But in reality, the archipelago’s marine life is threatened. Researchers, politicians and residents need to join forces to save the rich underwater world.

    A film by Carmen Meyer and Holger Ernst

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  • Mobile power to bring Rwanda's remote regions into the future

    In Rwanda, 60% of the population have a mobile phone - but only 15% have electricity. Mobile kiosks now offer solar power and even internet access in the most remote places of the country.

    A film by Dan Hirschfeld

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