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UN Climate Change Conference 2021 (COP 26)

Keeping the 1.5 degree limit within reach

In recent years, climate change mitigation efforts around the world have been stepped up. But the world is not yet on the target trajectory. The 26 Climate Change Conference needed to send a signal that the ambitions for climate change mitigation can be further increased - and that the 1.5-degree limit on warming embedded in the Paris Agreement can still be achieved by collective action. 

At the UN Climate Change Conference from 31 October to 12 November 2021 in Glasgow, Scotland, 197 countries as well as representatives of civil society and other institutions discussed and negotiated the current status of the Paris Agreement and negotiated issues related to it.

This was the 26 Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP26), hosted this year by the United Kingdom.

Intensifying ambitions to achieve the climate targets, the Katowice Rulebook and the future of climate financing

With regard to the international climate financing (Article 2.1c of the Paris Agreement), the predominant aim was to promote the achievement of the 100 billion dollar target that was determined for the period from 2020 to 2025. In addition, the COP 26 was to act as the platform for the discussion regarding a new goal for climate financing for the period after 2025. 

Another issue that characterised the UN Climate Change Conference is related to concluding negotiations for the Katowice Rulebook of the Paris Agreement. This rulebook determines how the national climate contributions of the individual states are to be measured, compared and communicated to the UN Climate Secretariat. More specifically, this involves international emissions trading (Article 6), a common timeline for nationally determined contributions (NDC) and a transparency framework. 

The states also wanted to move forward on climate change adaptation and international climate finance, as in particular those countries most affected by climate change need support.


Which IKI projects are involved in a side event during COP 26? Here you will find an overview.

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The International Climate Initiative (IKI) at COP 26

The IKI is the most important instrument of the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) in terms of the international funding of climate action and biological diversity. Therefore, the BMU  presented the IKI and its work once again in various formats at this year’s UN Climate Change Conference. 

Many IKI projects support the intensification of the ambitions of NDCs and Long-Term-Strategies (LTS), address climate change financing issues as per Article 2.1c or support states in the participation in or establishment of emissions trading systems (Article 6). 

The COP 26 also provided IKI projects with an excellent opportunity to participate in dialogues with one another – on site in Glasgow and also in a virtual format. 

News from the BMU on COP 26