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Biodiversity and climate protection in the Leuser Ecosystem in Sumatra

As of: November 2021

The Gunung Leuser ecosystem on Sumatra is one of the largest carbon sinks in Asia. It possesses a stunning amount of biodiversity and is also a vital water catchment area for millions of people. However, the region is currently being confronted by logging, agriculture, settlement construction and other threats. The project supports the sustainable management of the ecosystem, reconciling protection interests with the interests of the population. It provides infrastructure to the protected areas’ administrative bodies and advises them on how to set up new structures and improve existing ones. New geographic information systems (GIS) bolster the planning and monitoring ability of the regional planning authorities. The project works together with the municipalities to develop land use plans designed to improve the living conditions of the local population and avoid conflicts with the protected areas. Measures such as agroforestry and communal forests also create potential income for the population.

State of implementation/results

  • Due to several delays, project work startet only in November 2015. The project works in close cooperation and in a complementary manner with projects of USAID and the EU.
  • The Inception Phase was successfully concluded in April 2016 and the Inception Report, Project Implementation Manual und Plan of Operation approved by the Indonesian counterparts.

Project data


Implementing organisation:
KfW Entwicklungsbank

Political partner(s):
  • Ministry of Environment and Forestry (KLHK) - Indonesia
  • Ministry of Forestry - Indonesia*
  • State Ministry of National Development Planning (BAPPENAS) - Indonesia

Implementing partner(s):
  • Aceh Geospatial Data Center
  • Leuser Ecosystem Management Board (BPKEL) - Indonesia
  • State Ministry of National Development Planning (BAPPENAS) - Indonesia

BMU grant:
8.460.000,00 €

08/2013  till  12/2022


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