Biodiversity conservation and utilisation of ecosystem services in wetlands of transboundary significance in the Nile Basin
As of: April 2020
Objective and activities
The Nile flows through several large wetland landscapes, many of which are globally important biodiversity hotspots. The project supports the Nile Basin Initiative (NBI) and its member states in biodiversity conservation and the use of ecosystem services in transboundary wetlands in the Nile Basin, combining regional measures for the development of knowledge and resources with implementation measures in selected wetlands. Among others, these measures include management plans and model projects. The project work not only protects biological diversity, it also contributes to climate protection and climate impact adaptation, while securing the livelihoods of the local populations at the same time. The project also brings its experiences to the international biodiversity dialogue. These then serve as best-practice models for other countries in the region.
State of implementation/results
- Regional Cooperation: A panel of experts from all ten NBI member countries is currently finalising a TEEB report (The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity) for wetlands in the Nile region. After the evaluation of studies on the economics of wetland conservation, case studies in four wetland landscapes have been carried out.
- Within the framework of the Regional Environmental Flow Expert Working Group, NBI has for the first time carried out an analysis of the required minimum ecological discharges along the main waters of the Nile. This is particularly relevant for the basin planning process and a considerable step in view of the political reservations of many Nile riparians due to the supposed impact on the negotiation of water rights. Thus, first joint experiences with this instrument will be gathered.
- The NBI has conducted a study on the greenhouse gas storage potential of the wetlands in the Nile Basin - based on samplings of different peatlands. In this context, political recommendations are now being developed.
- The Regional Wetlands Working Group has compiled an inventory of regionally significant wetlands and their status