Capacity development for a monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) system in Turkey
As of: December 2020
The monitoring of greenhouse gas emissions is crucial for effective mitigation processes and the introduction of market mechanisms. This is why the project provides targeted support to the Turkish Ministry of Environment and Urban Development in implementing the National Climate Change Action Plan (NCCAP). To achieve this, the project creates the basis for the establishment of a system for monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV). The project partners are setting up the technical and institutional infrastructure, developing sector-specific MRV guidelines and regulations, and contributing to policy making aimed at establishing an emissions trading system (ETS). The train-the-trainers approach is being used to teach multipliers how to spread knowledge within the central institutions. Over time, the project will thus create the conditions for introducing a national ETS or a link to the European emissions trading system.
State of implementation/results
- Since the start of the project, around 1,000 participants have acquired the necessary skills to draft and submit monitoring plans and annual emissions reports through capacity building activities. An innovative, tailor-made data management system (DMS) has been developed. With its key characteristics of transparency, precision and comparability, the DMS enables the steering of mitigation actions and the monitoring of progress towards climate change-related targets. A training curriculum for the verifiers has been prepared in accordance with the EU-ETS system and ISO 14064, thus, the verification system infrastructure has been established on a regular basis.
- More than 700 Turkish industrial installations submit their emissions data to the DMS. Those installations are responsible for approximately 50 per cent of CO₂ emissions in Turkey; roughly 250 Mt CO₂ equivalent, which are now being monitored and covered by the Turkish MRV System. Several Turkey-specific guidelines have been produced for stakeholders to guide them with regard to MRV processes and navigation of the DMS.
- Effective awareness raising events have been held aimed at stakeholders, public institutions and sector representatives. Following the Paris Agreement, a high-level international panel discussion was organized in Ankara in May 2016, under the heading ‘From Paris to Antalya – New Climate Change Regime’. This provided a platform for raising awareness among public-sector actors, civil society and NGOs, regarding the Paris Agreement and nationally determined contributions. At the end of September 2016, an international summer school was held in İzmir, addressing the implementation and enhancement of MRV systems, with experts joining from 10 countries in the region. Experience exchanges were conducted with projects from Ukraine and Tunisia with partners’ high-level participation.
- The booklet “MRV in Practice - Experience in Turkey with designing and implementing a system for monitoring, reporting and verification of GHG emissions” has been prepared to present the experiences and lessons learned during the establishment of the tailor-made MRV system for the energy and industry sector in Turkey.
- An agreement was reached with the Directorate General of Civil Aviation under the Ministry of Transport and Infrastructure to integrate the aviation sector into the existing monitoring, reporting and verification system (MRV) in Turkey. The ministries have agreed an ambitious action plan, that covers both national and international emissions, creates a legal basis for requiring the aviation companies to participate in the MRV system and includes the offsetting under the CORSIA (Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation) Scheme. The key deliverable will be the data management system, which will be handed over after thorough testing during a voluntary pilot phase.
- In order to enhance the quality of the emissions data and of the underlying processes, a comprehensive gap analysis and stakeholder consultation effort was launched in June 2019. First recommendations for the modification of the regulatory framework, some key processes and the DMS are being prepared. Guidelines and capacity building activities will be provided to all relevant stakeholders to make the changes effective.
- A first target sector has been identified for the development of benchmark suggestions and a detailed proposal for the benchmarking work has been presented. The work focuses on capacity building for the Ministry of Environment on how to set benchmarks and choose among different benchmark options. It also supports installations and industry associations in their effort to compare their carbon intensity with that of local and international competitors and to prepare for the risks and opportunities resulting from the introduction of carbon pricing. (as of January 2020)