Climate change mitigation in Ukraine: modernising industry
As of: May 2021
By signing an Association Agreement with the European Union, Ukraine has agreed to comply with EU climate targets and the Industrial Emissions Directive (IED). A key aspect of achieving these national climate targets will be ensuring that best-available techniques (BAT) are deployed in the country’s industrial infrastructure. A regulatory framework for transposing the EU Directive into law has been lacking to date. Accordingly, the project is promoting capacity building in companies and state-run facilities, while providing support to the responsible ministries as they develop the legal framework and monitor compliance. In relation to BAT, the project is aiming to facilitate capacity building for domain experts and management in ministries, for environmental regulators and for plant operators. This, in turn, will enable Ukraine to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions from its industrial sector by the deployment of innovative industrial processes and procedures.
State of implementation/results
- On January 26, 2021, the draft law of the Industrial Emissions Directive was included in the agenda of the parliamentary session of the Ukrainian Parliament and was finally considered on February 16, 2021. In the vote on the bill, 221 deputies voted in favor of its adoption in the first reading, narrowly missing the required number of 226 votes. As a result, the bill was returned to the Committee on Environmental Policy and Nature for a second reading and revision. During the hearing, some parliamentarians expressed their concerns. After the return of the draft law, the Committee and the Minsiterium have time to revise the document accordingly.
- In close coordination with the Ukrainian Ministry of Environmental Protection and Natural Resources, an international tender for the development of a digital software solution was successfully carried out. This web-based software solution should enable the system of integrated environmental permits and emissions data to be used efficiently and transparently. An international IT company was contracted to provide this service. A national tender is currently underway to support this software development.
- As of May 2020, active translation of BAT (Best Available Technology) reference documents into Ukrainian has begun. Based on these documents, further technical working groups will undertake the revision of translated documents in the future. By March 2021, six BAT reference documents had already been translated.
- The project supports the Ukrainian Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources in an exchange with Polish and Czech authorities and companies. The aim is to evaluate and use their experience in implementing the European Union Industrial Emissions Directive for the Ukrainian process.
- The official kick-off event took place on 9th July 2019 in Kiev with the participation of a delegation of the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU). Among others, the Parliamentary State Secretary Rita Schwarzelühr-Sutter and the Ukrainian Vice Minister of Environment Mykola Kuzio were present.