Climate protection in the Mexican urban policy (CiClim)
As of: September 2021
Already, more than 78 percent of Mexico's population lives in cities and Mexico's urbanization will continue to increase. It is there where the consequences of climate change are particularly visible. At the same time, cities generate a large proportion of greenhouse gas emissions. Therefore, the urban areas of Mexico are crucial in the fight against the impacts of climate change. The starting point of the project is exactly there. It advises the Mexican Ministries of Urban Development and of the Environment as well as selected pilot cities on the implementation of sustainable urban development measures. Through climate adaptation and mitigation measures, the project contributes to combating climate change in Mexican cities and to Mexico's green recovery after the pandemic. It focuses thematically on green infrastructure, sustainable urban planning, urban mobility and access to climate finance for cities. The experiences of the project are disseminated through local, regional and international networks. These measures aim to improve the quality of life of people in Mexico's cities and to help the country achieve its climate and sustainability goals.
State of implementation/results
- Activities are currently rolled out in the following four pilot cities:
- León, major industrial city in the federal state of Guanajuato
- San Nicolas de los Garza, part of the Monterrey metropolitan area
- Torreón, economically important city in the federal state of Coahuila
- Tuxla Gutierrez, capital of the federal state of Chiapas in southern Mexico
- The cooperation with the project cities Tlaquepaque, Morelia, Hermosillio and Merida was successfully completed at the beginning of 2021. The experiences and good practices will be integrated in the support measures in the new project cities and in the advisory at the national level.
- The project partners at the federal level (Ministry of Urban Development and Ministry of the Environment) have developed an urban environmental agenda (Agenda Urbano Ambiental, centrourbano.com/…) with the support of the project. It contains measures to reshape urban environmental and climate policy and combines the challenges of sustainable urban development with climate and environmental protection. The urban environmental agenda aims to integrate the planning tools of both ministries.
- In December 2020, the project, together with ICLEI, published a publication on the "Role of Cities for Green Recovery in Mexico" (www.giz.de/…). It shows the main trends and contains recommendations for action for urban climate and environmental protection in the context of the Corona pandemic.
- The project advises the Ministry of Urban Development on adaptation and mitigation potentials in its projects to improve urban infrastructure.
- In cooperation with the cities of Mexico, about 110 km of (temporary) cycle paths have been set up so far in response to the Corona pandemic and climate protection.
- The population of Mérida can capture the city's trees thanks to a digital application (árbolMID, www.facebook.com/…;d=n) and thus become familiar with the native tree species and their ecosystem services. The city administration also has more information now with regard to the protection of urban trees.
- The project is stepping up cooperation with the private sector to stimulate climate action in cities. The coffee shop chain Caffenio integrated climate-friendly infrastructure into its branches in Hermosillo (www.expoknews.com/…). In addition, the food and beverage manufacturer BEPENSA and the construction company COMEX financed construction work for urban gardens and provided paint materials for temporary bicycle paths in Mérida (www.facebook.com/…).