Climate protection in the Mexican urban policy (CiClim)
As of: July 2020
Objective and activities
The urban policy in Mexico is facing major challenges. The country is confronted by rapid urbanisation processes and urban sprawl, accompanied by increasing greenhouse gas emissions and interventions in ecosystems. A climate-friendly urban development policy is therefore necessary to reduce emissions, maintain ecosystem services and minimise environmental pollution. Against this background, the project provides cross-sector advice to relevant stakeholders at national, state and local levels in the following areas: climate-relevant urban planning, the preservation of ecosystem services in cities and the surrounding areas, and sustainable urban mobility. In pilot cities, climate-friendly concepts and instructions are tested for their practical feasibility.The results of this practice and the exchange of experiences with other countries are used for the further dissemination of approaches and experiences (up-scaling).
State of implementation/results
Selection of the following five pilot cities:
Organisation of the international Forum on Green Infrastructure and Climate Change on the 22nd and 23rd March 2018 in Mexico City (iki-alliance.mx/…) Integrate climate change adaptation, sustainable mobility and ecosystem services into Morelia Urban Development Plan. Establishment of a digital platform for green infrastructure and urban mobility together with the Mexican University UNAM and project partners. The economic evaluation of ecosystem services in three nature reserves in Morelia, León and Mérida has begun. Among other things, the contributions to climate regulation, water infiltration, air quality and the reduction of the effects of natural events such as floods and extreme heat will be considered. The goal is a better consideration of ecosystem services in planning processes and political decisions. "CiClim cities pedal for low-emission development": More than 2000 cyclists were interviewed in the five programme cities about reasons and barriers for cyclists' use. The methodology developed for this purpose is simple and cost-effective, so that it can easily be replicated by other city governments or civil society. Building on this, more than 100 key local actors were trained in strategies for increasing cycling traffic. The project advises more than 130 people in 10 rural communities on business models for better marketing of regional products, appropriate use of chemicals in agriculture and sustainable forest management. In this way, the project contributes to more efficient resource use and sustainable economic development in peripheral urban areas. One focus of consultancy is the Cuxtal reserve near Mérida/Yucatán, which has a high indigenous population.
- Hermosillo, capital of federal state of Sonora
- León, major city in the federal state of Guanajuato
- Mérida, capital of federal state of Yucatán
- Morelia, capital of federal state of Michoacán • Tlaquepaque, part of the metropolitan region of Guadalajara & capital of federal state of Jalisco