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Climate protection in the Mexican urban policy (CiClim)

As of: March 2021

The urban policy in Mexico is facing major challenges. The country is confronted by rapid urbanisation processes and urban sprawl, accompanied by increasing greenhouse gas emissions and interventions in ecosystems. A climate-friendly urban development policy is therefore necessary to reduce emissions, maintain ecosystem services and minimise environmental pollution. Against this background, the project provides cross-sector advice to relevant stakeholders at national, state and local levels in the following areas: climate-relevant urban planning, the preservation of ecosystem services in cities and the surrounding areas, and sustainable urban mobility. In pilot cities, climate-friendly concepts and instructions are tested for their practical feasibility.The results of this practice and the exchange of experiences with other countries are used for the further dissemination of approaches and experiences (up-scaling). The project is part of the IKI Corona Response Package.

State of implementation/results

  • The project’s activities on investments in green infrastructure and mobility will contribute to Green Recovery at the local level.
  • Activities are rolled out in the following five pilot cities:

    • Hermosillo, capital of federal state of Sonora
    • León, major city in the federal state of Guanajuato
    • Mérida, capital of federal state of Yucatán
    • Morelia, capital of federal state of Michoacán
    • Tlaquepaque, part of the metropolitan region of Guadalajara & capital of federal state of Jalisco

  • Representatives of the project and the City of Mérida presented the results of the cooperation so far at the ICLEI International Congress "Resilient and Low Carbon Cities: Towards Sustainability" in Quintana Roo in November 2019. (…).
  • Together with the coffee house chain Caffenio, the project organized a competition on green infrastructure. After completion of the renovation of a Caffio branch in Hermosillo, a climate-friendly infrastructure will save 24% energy and 71% water in the future. Caffio intends to replicate the system in another 50 stores, which would save 320 tCO2e per year: (…).
  • It is estimated that improvements to the cycling infrastructure in León and Morelia will save 8,000 tCO2e annually. The project expects further CO2 savings through planned improvements to the road infrastructure and the implementation of urban densification measures.
  • The Green Infrastructure Platform, operated jointly with the Environmental and Urban Ministries and the largest University of Mexico (UNAM), systematizes Mexican cities' experiences in adapting to climate change and the climate-friendly transformation of urban space. Effective measures for urban climate protection are made available to decision makers and experts: (…).
  • More than 66,000 hectares of urban and peri-urban nature reserves and forest areas in León, Morelia and Mérida will be better protected through the application of sustainable methods in forestry and agriculture by the local population. The introduction of voluntary protection contributions is in preparation.
  • Together with the German-Mexican Climate Protection Alliance, the program supported the Mexican partners' efforts to harmonize the legal framework for mobility at the state level. The model law, which was developed in the course of dialogue forums, provides the federal states with the necessary guidance to improve the mobility of the population and to implement national legislation on climate protection and urban development locally (…)
  • A systematic overview and evaluation of sustainable mobility practices in Mexico was carried out for the first time in 2019. These best practices will be made known nationwide through a joint Twitter campaign.

  • Project data


    Implementing organisation:
    Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH

    Political partner(s):
    • Ministry for Agricultural, Territorial and Urban Development (SEDATU) - Mexico
    • Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources (SEMARNAT) - Mexico

    Implementing partner(s):
    • Ministry for Agricultural, Territorial and Urban Development (SEDATU) - Mexico
    • Ministry for Agricultural, Territorial and Urban Development (SEDATU) - Mexico
    • Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources (SEMARNAT) - Mexico

    BMU grant:
    5.800.000,00 €

    08/2017  till  12/2022


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