Conservation and Sustainable Use of the Benguela Current Large Marine Ecosystem - Internationale Climate Initiative (IKI)
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Conservation and Sustainable Use of the Benguela Current Large Marine Ecosystem

As of: October 2021

The Benguela Current marine ecosystem extends along the coasts of South Africa, Namibia and Angola and is one of the world’s most biodiverse regions. The Benguela Current Convention (BCC) protects the marine biodiversity of the area and integrates it into a concept for sustainable development. The ecosystem is nevertheless under increasing threat and to counteract this, the project is improving sustainable management by developing the relevant know-how of the BCC and its members, including the identification of ecologically or biologically significant marine areas (EBSAs) and advising the project partners on establishing an adequate management system. The project also institutionalises and implements a regionally coordinated approach to marine spatial planning (MSP). Experiences, results, concepts and instruments for the management of EBSAs and MRP are disseminated throughout the region and beyond in order to integrate them into national, regional and international policy and negotiation processes.

State of implementation/results

  • The three baseline mapping reports for key marine resources and sectoral marine land uses in the ecoregion are available.
  • In South Africa, support was provided for the development of the National Marine Biodiversity Status Report (…), published at the end of 2019, which serves as an important input to the baseline mapping report. The Marine and Coastal Spatial Biodiversity Plan is currently being developed based on this.
  • The draft Marine Spatial Plan (MRPs) for the central coast of Namibia has been finalised at the technical level and is in the process of further coordination between the ministries.
  • The draft MRP for the central coastal region of Angola has been agreed at the technical level and approved by the directors of the relevant ministries.
  • The development of South Africa's MRP implementation strategy document, which provides the framework and guideline for the development of the four sub-national plans, is in place. South Africa's first MRPs are currently being developed by the national working group based on their respective sector priorities.
  • In all three countries, national and transboundary descriptions of "Ecologically or Biologically Significant Marine Areas" (EBSAs) have been revised (16) or redefined (12). These are incorporated into the spatial planning process and form the basis for the designation of new marine protected areas. In March 2020 Namibia and in September 2020 South Africa submitted these EBSAs to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). Angola plans to notify the CBD of the new and revised EBSAs.
  • The regional protocol on MRP under the Benguela Regional Convention was adopted by the relevant commission in October 2018 and serves as a regional guideline for the implementation of MRP.
  • In Namibia, a Blue Economy Policy is being developed by an inter-ministerial body.
  • In mid-August 2019, Angolan President João Lourenço established a 16-member ministerial body on marine affairs by decree.
  • South African President Cyril Ramaphosa signed the law on MRP in April 2019.
  • A film on marine spatial planning "Marine Spatial Planning in a nutshell" (…) was translated into local Afrikaans, Xhosa, Zulu and Portuguese.
  • Several articles were published in scientific journals and textbooks (1)…; 2)…; 3)…).

Project data

Angola, Namibia, South Africa

Implementing organisation:
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH

Political partner(s):
  • Benguela Current Commission (BCC)

Implementing partner(s):
  • Benguela Current Commission (BCC)
  • Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries - South Africa*
  • Department of Environmental Affairs (DEA) - South Africa*
  • Department of Mineral Resources and Energy (DMRE) - South Africa
  • Ministry of Environment (Ministério do Ambiente) - Angola
  • Ministry of Environment and Tourism (MET) - Namibia
  • Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources - Namibia
  • Ministry of Mines and Energy - Namibia
  • Ministry of Works and Transport - Namibia
  • Oil Ministry (Ministério dos Petróleos) - Angola

BMU grant:
10.600.000,00 €

08/2014  till  02/2022


Marisma - Enabling Sustainable Ocean Use in the Benguela Current Region (PDF | 3.29MB)

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