Conservation of biodiversity aimed at achieving CBD goals in the northern regions of Russia by expanding and strengthening a network of protected areas adapted to climate change
As of: January 2021
Arctic ecosystems can make a telling contribution to the implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD ); however, they are also particularly threatened by climate change. Half of the Arctic is located in Russia, so the country plays a crucial role in the conservation of biological diversity. Together with local partners, the project has designed a network of protected areas that has addressed the consequences of climate change and the industrial development in the region. For example, changes in the migration behaviour of individual species like the wild reindeer, are recorded, and protected areas are planned and established to match the new habitats of endangered species. Traditional lifestyles of the local and indigenous populations are also taken into account. The project supports the networking of committed persons from the region and offers local training courses together with them, encouraging and establishing local initiatives in nature conservation.
State of implementation/results
- Despite the COVID-19 pandemic, project contributions such as technical expertise, mapping and videoconference consultations were provided for the designation of seven new and the extension of three existing protected areas in the three target regions.
- In 2019, the regional reserve "Kolguyevskiy Zakaznik" in the Nenets Autonomous District and the Kytalik National Park in the Republic Sacha (Yakutia) was designated.
- At the level of the protected areas, cooperation agreements and action plans for the years 2019 - 2020 were signed with each of the federal protected areas (Beringia National Park, Wrangel Island Zapovednik, Strict Nature Reserves of the Nenets, "Taymir Zapovedniks"). The management plans developed by the project for four regional protected areas in the Nenets Autonomous District were approved by the District's Centre for Nature Management and Environmental Protection on 6 July 2020. The development of detailed management plans for five Regional Protected Areas in Chukotka and four Federal Protected Areas in Krasnoyarsk District has started.
- In each of the three project regions, agreements were established with the local population on the joint implementation of project activities and the development of adaptation plans. In the Chukotka region, two joint projects were launched: the establishment of the local NGO "Polar Bear Patrol in the village of Ryrkaipiy" and the establishment of a cultural centre in Novoe Chaplino.
- To preserve the populations of wild reindeer in the project regions, the project supports WWF Russia in the implementation of different work packages (population analyses, introduction of SMART patrols, wildlife monitoring, community projects).
- For the Beringia National Park an information and cultural centre has been established.
- A touring exhibition on the importance of nature reserves in the Nenets Autonomous District was created and shown in five municipalities. In social media the user community "Khraniteli Severa" (Northern Nature Keepers) was founded to motivate committed (young) people from the target regions to network and to publish information about climate change, its impacts and project-relevant information. Together with the initiative, a series of training courses for local Arctic residents were offered to stimulate local project initiatives in nature conservation and thus to establish project themes and objectives in the target regions. Online seminars with professional trainers were conducted.
- Participants of the "Northern Nature Keepers" initiative have produced films depicting people's culture, life and connection to Arctic nature.
- In order to establish the monitoring tool SMART, various training sessions were conducted and the tool was tested.
- The Geophysical Observatory (MGO) of the Russian Hydrometeorological Service completed the analysis of recent climate changes, the following three decades and by the end of the century in the northern regions of Russia in January 2018.
- A model for climate-smart protected areas was developed. For the Russian Arctic, 85 areas were identified, 46 of them in the project regions. Based on this, a report on "Climate change and impacts on habitats and vegetation" was published.