Ecosystem based Adaptation in high mountain regions of Central Asia
As of: April 2020
Objective and activities
The project tests ecosystem-based approaches (EbA) to climate change adaptation in selected high mountain regions of Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan and identifies institutional, administrative, economic, technical and informational challenges to implementation. Based on the knowledge gained, the project is developing a corresponding range of instruments for Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan designed to facilitate the integration of EbA measures into political processes. The instruments include methods for devising appropriate strategies to protect and for sustainable use of ecosystem services, training courses and identifying possible sources of financing. Kazakhstan is participating in a supraregional policy dialogue process in order to disseminate new approaches and integrate these into planning processes. In addition to climate change adaptation, the measures also directly contribute to preserving ecosystems and natural carbon sinks, and to conserving biodiversity.
State of implementation/results
- Feasibility study and vulnerability analysis, including identification of adaptation measures, for the Tigrovaya Balka Nature Reserve (Tajikistan/TJK) was carried out by the Michael Succow Foundation in cooperation with the local NGO CAMP Tabiat
- The methodology for climate-sensitive planning and implementation of adaptation measures for protected areas was presented in TJK in the context of the 60th anniversary of the Romit Biosphere Reserve
- A film on the topic "Global Climate Change: View (perspective) from Tajikistan" was produced. This film is especially designed to raise awareness among the local population and will be broadcast on national TV stations in the coming months
- The replication of the EBA methodology, including the identification of adaptation measures, was successfully carried out in cooperation with CAMP Alatoo in the Shemonaikha Province of the Eastern Kazakh Oblast (Kazakhstan/KAZ)
- A workshop on access to climate financing was organised for alumni of the Leadership Programme (15 participants) in December 2019. At the same time, the alumni network was institutionalized into the existing GREEN expert network in Central Asia
- In TJK, a water supply system was installed in October 2019 and handed over to the village community in Siponj, which enables the reforestation of 4ha of slopes to protect them from landslides
- 16 experts of various organizations from Kyrgyzstan (KGZ), TJK and KAZ were trained as EbA facilitators in the application and implementation of the EbA method with local communities
- The methodology of the project for planning and implementation of EbA in the high mountain regions of Central Asia was set up as a "Full Solution" on the Panorama Solutions Platform and included as Best Practice in the Nairobi Programme of the UNFCCC (see link)
- Through the project, 75 ha were afforested and rehabilitated in TJK. In KGZ a forest area of 8 ha was preserved and/or managed more sustainably. By installing a watering place for livestock outside the forest in the pilot area, the pressure of use and browsing could be significantly reduced to 7 ha. One additional hectare was created as an agroforestry area for demonstration purposes.