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Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA) in the North Central Coast of Vietnam: Restoration and Co-Management of Degraded Dunes and Mangroves

As of: April 2020

Objective and activities

Adaptation is a key element of Viet Nam’s NDC, as typhoons increase in strength and make landfall in the exposed northcentral coast of Vietnam (NCC-VN). Originally its dunes and mangroves in the estuaries were covered with multilayered & diverse forests, ensuring storm protection. About 22% of the rural population in the region depends on subsistence agriculture behind and freshwater from the dunes. However, mangroves protective dune forest vegetation of these ecosystems have been largely degraded and covered with Casurina, a non-native tree species not capable of safeguarding the protective function of the dunes. Together with local communities, the project restores in an integrated co-management approach with native tree species dunes and mangroves of estuaries in NCC-VN. The approach is a blueprint for up-scaling at landscape level and closes the coastal protection gap between the Mekong and North Vietnam.

State of implementation/results

  • In 2018, contracts were signed with four nurseries for seedling production. There are 580,000 seedlings of 14 native tree species in production
  • approximately 500ha of potential pilot areas in coastal sand dune ecosystems have been identified
  • At the turn of 2019/2020, up to 300ha of degraded areas were planted in the three project provinces in North Central Vietnam
  • 320ha of pilot plantations have been successfully implemented with local communities in 2019. The Institute of Resources and Environment of Huế University (IREN), the University of Hue and the local communities have started monitoring the plantations. The survival rate is excellent and is about 90%
  • In 2020, another 130 ha will be planted in the three pilot provinces (Thua Thien Hue, Quang Tri and Quang Binh), as well as at least 20 ha of the planned 50 ha of mangroves
  • The planting activities were accompanied by national television and broadcast several times (see link). Together with the television station, the production of a comprehensive television documentary of the project has begun
  • As a result of the high profile of the project, many other communities and local governments in the project region are asking for additional pilot areas, planting and management training and seedlings (as the production is complicated for the native species and unique in Vietnam)
  • The cooperation with the Technical University of Cologne (2 MSc theses on monitoring and biodiversity) will be expanded.

Project data


Implementing organisation:
UNIQUE forestry and land use GmbH

Partner institution(s):
  • Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) - Viet Nam
  • Quang Tri Department of Agriculture and Rural Development (DARD) - Vietnam
  • Institute of Resources and Environment of Huế University (IREN) - Vietnam

BMU grant:
1.879.538,95 €

04/2018  till  03/2022



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