Ensuring the transparency of subnational climate change mitigation measures in developing and emerging countries
As of: January 2021
MRV for transparency is an important foundation for policy-making within the framework of the Paris Agreement, one which also applies at subnational levels. The project supports state governments in Brazil (Pernambuco), India (Chhattisgarh, West Bengal), Mexico (Baja California, Yucatán and Jalisco) and South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal) in closing MRV capacity gaps and implementing climate change mitigation measures. Offering technical support to the regions for the development of sustainable MRV systems, it identifies further mitigation potential and supports its implementation. The project also organises cross-national dialogues between national, subnational and local governments to achieve the vertical integration of climate protection measures. The network of the “Under2 Coalition” is used to disseminate the experiences gained.
State of implementation/results
- A case study highlighting how Pernambuco’s Secretariat of Environment and Sustainability (SEMAS) developed its first greenhouse gas (GHG) inventory in six months, through an agile approach and ample stakeholder participation, and its plans to track mitigation actions, has been published by the Climate Group.
- An interactive virtual Tracking to Action series has been developed by the Under2 Coalition Secretariat to inspire states and regions to use fit-for-purpose approaches to track and mitigate emissions. So far, six out of ten peer forums have been delivered, ranging from why states and regions should monitor their emissions to highlighting a new tracking system developed by GIZ and the Mexican Secretariat of Environment and Natural Resources (SEMARNAT), which allows Mexican states to understand their contributions towards national climate goals. More than 50 states and regions around the world (and over 300 participants) have joined the peer forums to date.
- Applications for the first ever state and regional e-learning course on Subnational GHG Accounting are currently open. The course, developed by the Greenhouse Gas Management Institute (GHGMI), is due to begin in November 2020.
- In-country and virtual multi-level governance dialogues, bringing together representatives from local, state and national government, and the private sector, were held in Brazil, Mexico and South Africa, looking at issues such as barriers to inventory development and potential solutions, and mapping out data sources and flows between the different levels of government.
- In-person and remote technical assistance workshops and online seminare were held in the five project states in Brazil, Mexico and South Africa, to progress the states’ work in compiling their respective GHG inventories, and help them build indicators for a monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) system of mitigation actions. The State of Jalisco, for example, was able to complete its third GHG inventory through the course of the project, which will inform and support its mitigation action work.
- Institutional capacity has been built in theoretical and practical areas including: GHG inventory compilation processes and methodologies, data collection and validation, understanding of activity data and emission factors, quality assurance and quality control, presenting and interpreting inventory results, documenting and improving the compilation process; identifying and prioritising mitigation actions, understanding stages involved in developing mitigation actions, familiarisation with MRV of actions, understanding of MRV indicators, how to define GHG emission reduction targets, how to build mitigation scenarios, how to analyse the impact of climate mitigation policies and actions, and understanding of MRV systems.
- For more information about the project, blogs and news, please visit our webpage: www.under2coalition.org/…