Forest protection and the management of natural resources in Manu Biosphere Reserve, Peru
As of: January 2021
The Manu Biosphere Reserve in Peru is one of the most diverse ecosystems in the world. It is also home to various indigenous groups and settlers. Although still relatively small, forest loss is increasing, mainly due to an expansion of agricultural use. The project protects the biosphere reserve including the national park by supporting the inhabitants in the management of natural resources. The participation of local and indigenous stakeholders is improved through training. Nature conservation-compatible uses are developed and conflicts between humans and wildlife are reduced. The project also contributes to climate protection by avoiding deforestation and gaining land for natural regeneration. As part of the IKI Corona Response Package, affected communities are supported in developing environmentally sustainable sources of income and, together with the authorities, in dealing with crises and their prevention. /
State of implementation/results
- Within the framwork of the Corona Response Package income from sustainable business activities in the buffer zone must be compensated and further diversified to avoid jeopardising the the usual flow of income of the indigenous communities and the management of the biosphere reserve.
- In 2017, UNESCO agreed to update the biosphere reserve's boundaries, increasing the area by almost 30 %. The Manu National Park monitoring and control program has verified through aerial surveillance and special patrols that 96 % of the reserve is in good condition with no indication with regards to illegal activities and potential hazards. The creation of 15 textile manufacturing associations in the Mapacho Valley led to an increase in income for the families involved.
- The project's support for the management of the Manu Biosphere Reserve enabled the positioning of the brand “Manu Biosphere Reserve” and the realization of trade fairs of the Biosphere Reserve in the city of Cusco. This has enabled 100 producers in the reserve's five districts to access the market and sell their products. The support of the Management Committee enables the various members and representatives to participate in the management of the Manu National Park.-- On 28.03.2019 a joint meeting of the Coordination Committee of the Manu Biosphere Reserve and the Management Committee of the Manu National Park took place.