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Implementation of the National Bio-Corridor Programme (PNCB) in the context of the National Biodiversity strategy of Costa Rica

As of: July 2020

Objective and activities

In Costa Rica, 34% of the country’s land area has been designated as biocorridors under the National Biocorridor Programme (PNCB) with the aim of preserving the area’s biodiversity and ecosystem services. Thanks to the PNCB, state environmental programmes are implemented both in and beyond state-protected areas. The project supports the national protected area authorities, local governments and the population in jointly developing strategic plans. In this way, interlinked biotope systems and networking structures are to be established and operated. The project strengthens dialogue platforms and corridor committees, enabling the coordination of conservation measures and the acceptable use of the areas in question. In addition to other measures, a small project fund supports the conversion of agricultural production systems. The project is also establishing incentive systems and financing mechanisms, such as payments for ecosystem services and compensatory payments to guarantee the financing and implementation of the strategic plans in the long term.

State of implementation/results

  • The 15 biocorridors (approx. 5,000 km2), in which the project provides direct advice, now all have a management plan.
  • Currently, 36 small projects in 15 biocorridors are being implemented.
  • Currently 30 green export promotion enterprises are being supported, including those from the biocorridor areas.
  • Through contributions from the project, marine coastal protected areas of the category "Area Marina de Manejo" were recognised for the first time in Costa Rica (by presidential decree).
  • The project supports the national protected area authority SINAC in establishing strategic alliances with the private sector.
  • In February 2020, a new water protection tarif (Tarifa Protección Recurso Hidrico) for the Río Barranco water catchment area was approved by legal resolution. This is the first time in Costa Rica that the external costs of managing water protection areas have been internalised in the water tariff for consumers.
  • For information on public relations activities, see

Project data

Costa Rica

Implementing organisation:
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH

Partner institution(s):
  • Ministry of Environment and Energy (MINAE) - Costa Rica
  • National System of Conservation Areas (SINAC) - Costa Rica

BMU grant:
5.978.801,74 €

07/2014  till  12/2020



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