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Implementation of the National Bio-Corridor Programme (PNCB) in the context of the National Biodiversity strategy of Costa Rica

As of: October 2021

In Costa Rica, 34 percent of the country’s land area has been designated as biocorridors under the National Biocorridor Programme (PNCB) with the aim of preserving the area’s biodiversity and ecosystem services. Thanks to the PNCB, state environmental programmes were implemented both in and beyond state-protected areas. The project supported the national protected area authorities, local governments and the population in jointly developing strategic plans. In this way, interlinked biotope systems and networking structures are to be established and operated. The project strengthened dialogue platforms and corridor committees, enabling the coordination of conservation measures and the acceptable use of the areas in question. In addition to other measures, a small project fund supported the conversion of agricultural production systems. The project was also establishing incentive systems and financing mechanisms, such as payments for ecosystem services and compensatory payments to guarantee the financing and implementation of the strategic plans in the long term.

State of implementation/results

  • Project completed.
  • The 15 biocorridors (approx. 5,000 km2), in which the project provides direct advice, now all have a management plan.
  • Currently, 36 small projects in 15 biocorridors are being implemented.
  • Currently 30 green export promotion enterprises are being supported, including those from the biocorridor areas.
  • Through contributions from the project, marine coastal protected areas of the category "Area Marina de Manejo" were recognised for the first time in Costa Rica (by presidential decree).
  • The project supports the national protected area authority SINAC in establishing strategic alliances with the private sector.
  • In February 2020, a new water protection tariff (Tarifa Protección Recurso Hidrico) for the Río Barranco water catchment area was approved by legal resolution. This is the first time in Costa Rica that the external costs of managing water protection areas have been internalised in the water tariff for consumers.
  • On 05 June 2020, the regulatory authority ARESEP presented the new water tariff officially and nationwide and a communication video was handed over to ARESEP. A panel discussion with Roberto Jimenez, Director-General of ARESEP, and Michael Schlönvoigt, Head of the BMU-GIZ biocorridor project was held.…;…
  • From 13 to 17 July 2020, the results and impacts of the biocorridor project were presented at the first virtual symposium. Webinars of the partner SINAC on "Participation and governance in the conservation of biodiversity" (Primer Encuentro Virtual de Participación Ciudadana y Gobernanza del SINAC):
  • On 10 August 2020, a panel discussion was held at the webinar ALIARSE-SINAC-MINAE "Role of Public-Private Partnerships for the Conservation of Biodiversity" (¿Cuál es el rol de las alianzas públicos privadas para la conservación de la biodiversidad?) with Environment Minister Carlos Manuel Rodríguez, Omar Elizondo (SINAC Protected Area Authority) and Michael Schlönvoigt (Project Manager Biocorridor BMU-GIZ). ALIARSE…;__rv__=related_videos; GIZ…
  • An ALIARSE-SINAC-MINAE-GIZ webinar was held on 27 August 2020 to provide a platform to present local initiatives from the biocorridors for the formation of strategic alliances and partnerships with the private sector (Iniciativas locales para la Conservación de la biodiversidad. ¿Cómo potenciar las Áreas de Conservación y Corredores Biológicos). ALIARSE:…;__rv__=related_videos.
  • For further information on public relations activities, see

Project data

Costa Rica

Implementing organisation:
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH

Political partner(s):
  • Ministry of Environment and Energy (MINAE) - Costa Rica

Implementing partner(s):
  • National System of Conservation Areas (SINAC) - Costa Rica

BMU grant:
5.978.801,74 €

07/2014  till  12/2020



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