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Integrated coastal zone management and marine biodiversity (TerraMar)

As of: September 2021

The unique biodiversity of the Brazilian marine and coastal zone is threatened by intensive use, dense settlements, and pollution. The project supports an integrated approach to environmental planning in the Costa dos Corais and Abrolhos regions, as well as measures for the protection and sustainable use of marine and coastal biodiversity and strategies for monitoring environmental quality as a basis for planning and management processes, also regarding marine litter. The project focuses on building up capacities and the development of methods. Project experiences and developed concepts and strategies are disseminated nationally and internationally, strengthening relevant policies. As part of the IKI Corona Response Package the project implements a pilot project for processing marine plastic litter and analyses the market potential for sustainable value chains of coastal and marine biodiversity.

State of implementation/results

  • In view of the pandemic, the project is implementing additional Green Recovery measures to promote environmentally friendly income perspectives for the population. In addition to processing marine debris, the project supports traditional fisherwomen in creating and managing the website Gestor Orgânico Costa dos Corais for local marketing of fish products during the pandemic (costadoscorais.gestororganico.com.br).
  • More than 600 representatives of the Ministry of the Environment (MMA), the Federal Agency for Protected Areas (ICMBio), the federal states, local governments and local coastal communities have been trained on environmental management issues in coastal and marine regions (e.g. municipal environmental management in coastal and marine areas, systematic planning for biodiversity conservation, monitoring of mangroves and traditional fisheries, fisheries management). So far, seven coastal and marine protected areas with a total area of 10,951 km2 have been strengthened through project measures (e.g. training and improved management processes).
  • In November 2020, the local management plan of the Protected Area Resex Canavieiras (IUCN Category VI) for the crab species Guaiamum (cardisoma guanhumi) was approved. The project supported the development of the necessary local capacity to monitor traditional fisheries and develop the management plan through advisory services and trainings.
  • To promote income opportunities for women, networks of over 600 small-scale fisherwomen have been strengthened or established in the project regions. The focus here is on the sustainable use of natural resources in order to preserve biodiversity. (www.youtube.com/…).
  • A national protocol for data collection of marine litter on beaches was developed with the support of the project. (www.mma.gov.br/…).
  • Participatory (virtual) workshops, consultations and webinars for the development of a national education strategy on environmental management in the coastal and marine region are currently being implemented. (Multistakeholder approach, over 700 participants from all 17 coastal states, over 270 institutions).
  • With the support of the project, an environmental zoning for nautical activities was developed and adopted by the State of Pernambuco. The environmental zoning regulates tourism and fishing in 58 km² of beach, river and sea area in three protected areas: APA de Guadalupe, municipal natural park Forte do Tamandaré and part of the APA Costa dos Corais (www.youtube.com/…;t=54s; www.semas.pe.gov.br/…;articleId=61875073&templateId=2386863).
  • As part of the National Action Plan for Coral Conservation (PAN Corais), the environmental education campaign on beach and coral conservation was updated and disseminated through a webinar with ICMBio and the NGO Coral Vivo (campaign: coralvivo.org.br/…).

Project data

Country:
Brazil

Implementing organisation:
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH

Political partner(s):
  • Ministry of Environment - Brazil

Implementing partner(s):
  • Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation - Brazil
  • Leibniz-Zentrum für marine Tropenökologie (ZMT) - Deutschland
  • Ministry of Environment - Brazil

BMU grant:
6.588.000,00 €

Duration:
08/2015  till  06/2022


Website(s):



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