Integrated coastal zone management and marine biodiversity (TerraMar)
As of: January 2021
The unique biodiversity of the Brazilian marine and coastal zone is threatened by intensive use, dense settlements, and pollution. The project supports an integrated approach to environmental planning in the Costa dos Corais and Abrolhos regions, as well as measures for the protection and sustainable use of marine and coastal biodiversity and strategies for monitoring environmental quality as a basis for planning and management processes, also regarding marine litter. The project focuses on building up capacities and the development of methods. Project experiences and developed concepts and strategies are disseminated nationally and internationally, strengthening relevant policies. As part of the IKI Corona Response Package the project implements a pilot project for processing marine plastic litter and analyses the market potential for sustainable value chains of coastal and marine biodiversity.
State of implementation/results
- As part of the Corona Response Package, additional measures are being implemented to create income perspectives for the population. Sustainable value chains and the processing of marine waste will help to preserve coastal biodiversity.
- More than 600 representatives of the Ministry of the Environment (MMA), the Federal Agency for Protected Areas (ICMBio), the federal states, local governments and local coastal communities have been trained on environmental management issues in coastal and marine regions (e.g. municipal environmental management in coastal and marine areas, systematic planning for biodiversity conservation, monitoring of mangroves and traditional fisheries, fisheries management).
- So far, seven coastal and marine protected areas with a total area of 10,951 km2 have been strengthened through project measures (e.g. training and improved management processes).
- To promote income opportunities for women, networks of over 600 small-scale fisherwomen have been strengthened or established in the project regions. The focus here is on the sustainable use of natural resources in order to preserve biodiversity. (www.youtube.com/…).
- A national protocol for data collection of marine litter on beaches was developed with the support of the project. (www.mma.gov.br/…).
- Participatory (virtual) workshops, consultations and webinars for the development of a national education strategy on environmental management in the coastal and marine region are currently being implemented. (Multistakeholder approach, over 700 participants from all 17 coastal states, over 270 institutions).
- In October 2019, the marine protected area APA Costa dos Corais held a scientific conference on "Citizen Science: social participation and scientific research" with around 200 participants. (www.youtube.com/…).
- The project supports the establishment of baseline data to analyse the effects of oil pollution on coastal biodiversity in mangroves, estuaries and beaches.
- On 14.08.2020, the State of Pernambuco adopted an environmental zoning for nautical activities in three coastal communities of the Rio Formoso estuary, which was developed with the support of the project. The environmental zoning regulates tourism and fishing in 58 km² of beach, river and sea area in three protected areas: APA de Guadalupe, municipal natural park Forte do Tamandaré and part of the APA Costa dos Corais (www.youtube.com/…; www.semas.pe.gov.br/…).
- The environmental education campaign on beach and coral protection has been updated. (Video on coral protection: www.youtube.com/…; Video on beach protection: www.youtube.com/…)