Integrating electric 2 & 3-wheelers into existing urban transport systems in developing countries
As of: July 2020
Objective and activities
The transport sector makes a massive contribution to air pollution and climate change. Two and three-wheeled vehicles are the primary means of transport in many Asian and African countries, so switching to electromobility offers enormous potential for reducing greenhouse gas. The project develops programmes in six countries for the transition from internal combustion engines to electric and non-motorised two and three-wheelers. The aim is to integrate these modes of transport into existing urban transport systems. A political framework is being created that will drive the general development of electric mobility in the target countries, so these countries should serve as models for climate-friendly changes in other countries’ transport sectors. This intervention has a direct impact on the population of the countries by reducing air pollution, improving national energy security, creating green jobs and helping to reduce poverty and inequality.
State of implementation/results
Development of a free tool to estimate the potential for energy, emissions and cost savings from shifting to electromobility: (www.unenvironment.org/…). Development of a free database containing information on fiscal, regulatory and other policies related to electromobility in countries around the world: www.unenvironment.org/… Support the Kenya Bureau of Standards (KEBS) in developing standards and specifications for electric mobility in Kenya (UN-Environment and GIZ) (kenyalaw.org/…).%20-%20Pages%203752%20%20%E2%80%93%203753). Supporting Philippine partners in the development of national standards for electric road vehicles. 23 standards for electric road vehicles were adopted. Official launch of electric mobility pilot projects in Kenya, Vietnam and Philippines:
- Under the leadership of the Energy Regulatory Commission, two pilot projects with the city of Kisumu (Kenya's third largest city) and the Kenya Power & Lightning Company were launched at the 4th United Nations Environmental Assembly in Nairobi on 15 March 2019. 50 electric motorcycles will be donated for the two pilots of TAILG, a Chinese electric mobility company (www.unenvironment.org/…).
- On 28 March 2018, the University of Transport Technology in Hanoi announced the launch of joint pilot projects with the Vietnamese Ministry of Transport, the National Traffic Safety Committee and the Honda Vietnam Company (vov.vn/…).
- On 26 November 2019 the pilot with the Philippine Post Corporation (PHL Post), TAILG and Clean Air Asia was lauched during a Press Conference in Pasig City, Philippines.
- In June 2019, the GEF approved allocation of USD 34 Million to a global programme led by UNEP and International Energy Agency to support 17 developing and transitional countries with the shift to electric mobility. UNEP will lead the implementation in Togo, Sierra Leone, Côte d'Ivoire, Madagascar, Burundi and Seychelles. All these country projects except for Seychelles will support the introduction of electric 2&3 wheelers.