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Integrating electric 2 & 3-wheelers into existing urban transport systems in developing countries

As of: January 2022

The transport sector makes a massive contribution to air pollution and climate change. Two and three-wheeled vehicles are the primary means of transport in many Asian and African countries, so switching to electromobility offers enormous potential for reducing greenhouse gas. The project develops programmes in six countries for the transition from internal combustion engines to electric and non-motorised two and three-wheelers. The aim is to integrate these modes of transport into existing urban transport systems. A political framework is being created that will drive the general development of electric mobility in the target countries, so these countries should serve as models for climate-friendly changes in other countries’ transport sectors. This intervention has a direct impact on the population of the countries by reducing air pollution, improving national energy security, creating green jobs and helping to reduce poverty and inequality.

State of implementation/results

  • Development of a free tool to estimate the potential for energy, emissions and cost savings from shifting to electromobility (…).
  • Development of a free database containing information on fiscal, regulatory and other policies related to electromobility in countries around the world (…).
  • In October 2020, policy guidelines for electric 2- & 3-wheelers for Southeast Asia were published by UNEP and Clean Air Asia (…).

    • In March 2021, pilot projects were launched in Kenya with Kenya Power and Lighting Company, Kisumu City, and the Karura Forest (…;v=opysUfh5t18).
    • Support of the Kenya Bureau of Standards (KEBS) in developing standards and specifications for electric mobility in Kenya (UN-Environment and GIZ) (…).
    • Working with Uganda Ministry of Energy in the development of policies to support the introduction of electric mobility.
    • Pilot project launched in April 2021 with the International University of East Africa, Clean Air Initiative Africa, Ntuha Services, Baylor East Africa, Glovo, Jinja rice Scheme and Green Uganda, which received 50 electric motorcycles to be tested for various uses.
    • Working with the Federal Transport Authority and the Addis Ababa Institute of Technology on baseline studies contributing to the implementation of electric mobility.
    • Support of the Department of Energy in organizing a roundtable on e-mobility initiatives as part of the 9th Philippine EV Summit on 23 Sep 2021.
    • Working with the Department of Energy, Department of Trade and Industry, Land Transportation Office and other Philippine partners in the development of national standards for electric road vehicles.
    • In November 2019 a pilot project with Philippine Postal Corporation (PHL Post), TAILG and Clean Air Asia was launched at a press conference in Pasig City (…;v=RstKYZ4S6aQ).
  • Thailand:
    • In March 2021 a stakeholder workshop was held on the topic of "Mainstreaming electromobility in Thailand".
    Viet Nam:
    • In December 2020, a final report on "Mainstreaming electric mobility in Viet Nam, focusing on two-wheelers" was presented at a stakeholder workshop.
    • In March 2018, pilot projects were launched in Hanoi together with the Vietnamese Ministry of Transport and Honda Viet Nam.

Further Links

Project data

Ethiopia, Kenya, Philippines, Thailand, Uganda, Viet Nam

Implementing organisation:
United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment) - Kenya

Political partner(s):
  • Department of Alternative Energy Development and Efficiency (DEDE) - Thailand
  • Department of Energy (DOE) - Philippines
  • Energy Regulatory Commission - Kenya
  • Ethiopian Road Transport Authority - Äthiopien
  • Ministry of Energy and Mineral Development - Uganda
  • Viet Nam Register of the Ministry of Transport - Viet Nam

Implementing partner(s):
  • Clean Air Initiative for Asian Cities Center, Inc. (Clean Air Asia) - Philippinen
  • Sustainable Transport Africa (STA) - Kenya

BMU grant:
3.333.500,00 €

03/2017  till  12/2022



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