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Integrating electric 2 & 3-wheelers into existing urban transport systems in developing countries

As of: June 2021

The transport sector makes a massive contribution to air pollution and climate change. Two and three-wheeled vehicles are the primary means of transport in many Asian and African countries, so switching to electromobility offers enormous potential for reducing greenhouse gas. The project develops programmes in six countries for the transition from internal combustion engines to electric and non-motorised two and three-wheelers. The aim is to integrate these modes of transport into existing urban transport systems. A political framework is being created that will drive the general development of electric mobility in the target countries, so these countries should serve as models for climate-friendly changes in other countries’ transport sectors. This intervention has a direct impact on the population of the countries by reducing air pollution, improving national energy security, creating green jobs and helping to reduce poverty and inequality.

State of implementation/results

  • Development of a free tool to estimate the potential for energy, emissions and cost savings from shifting to electromobility (…).
  • Development of a free database containing information on fiscal, regulatory and other policies related to electromobility in countries around the world (…).
  • In June 2019, the Global Environment Facility (GEF) approved the allocation of US$33 million for a global programme led by UNEP and the International Energy Agency to support 17 developing and transition countries in the transition to electric mobility (…).
  • In October 2020, policy guidelines for 2- & 3-wheelers were published by Clean Air Asia and UN Environment.
  • Kenya:
    • Support of the Kenya Bureau of Standards (KEBS) in developing standards and specifications for electric mobility in Kenya (UN-Environment and GIZ) (…).
    • Launch of two pilot projects on 15 March 2019 at the 4th United Nations Environment Assembly in Nairobi (…).
  • Philippines:
    • Support of Philippine partners in the development of national standards for electric road vehicles. 23 standards for electric road vehicles were adopted.
    • A pilot project with Philippine Post Corporation (PHL Post), TAILG and Clean Air Asia was launched at a press conference in Pasig City on 26 November 2019 (…;v=RstKYZ4S6aQ).
  • Vietnam:
    • In March 2018, pilot projects were launched in Hanoi together with the Vietnamese Ministry of Transport and Honda Vietnam.

Project data

Ethiopia, Kenya, Philippines, Thailand, Uganda, Viet Nam

Implementing organisation:
United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment) - Kenya

Political partner(s):
  • Department of Alternative Energy Development and Efficiency (DEDE) - Thailand
  • Department of Energy (DOE) - Philippines
  • Energy Regulatory Commission - Kenya
  • Ethiopian Road Transport Authority - Äthiopien
  • Ministry of Energy and Mineral Development - Uganda
  • Viet Nam Register of the Ministry of Transport - Viet Nam

Implementing partner(s):
  • Clean Air Initiative for Asian Cities Center, Inc. (Clean Air Asia) - Philippinen
  • Sustainable Transport Africa (STA) - Kenya

BMU grant:
3.333.500,00 €

03/2017  till  12/2022


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