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Low-emission palm oil development in Berau Regency, East Kalimantan

As of: May 2021

Berau Regency lies in the province of East Kalimantan in the Indonesian part of Borneo – and 75% of the regency’s total area is still forested. However, part of the 1.6 million hectares of forest has now been approved for agricultural use. If these areas are converted into palm oil plantations, an additional 60 million tonnes of greenhouse gases could be produced. The project works together with government institutions, representatives of the private sector industry and civil society to develop a sustainable palm oil programme at regency level and implement it as a model. This demonstrates the feasibility of large-scale sustainable cultivation. The project thus improves knowledge and resources in the regency government. The project results will serve as a model for other regencies and provinces, and as part of the regency-wide forest carbon storage programme, they will make a substantial contribution to the national and sub-national low-emission development strategy.
Joint project
Low-emissions oil palm development in Berau District, East Kalimantan

State of implementation/results

  • The project conducted a land cover change study in the Tsani Hutani Abadi (THA) group concession area in West Kutai Regency, East Kalimantan Province. The analysis report of land cover change in 2016, 2017, 2018 and 2019 is available online at:… The results show total non-compliant forest changes of about 6,485,82 hectares and will be used as the basis for preparing recovery plans in three THA concessions.
  • The project continues to support the East Kalimantan Estate Crops Office in drafting a Governor’s Decree on Identification and Management of High Conservation Value (HCV) inside the plantation in cooperation with the multi-stakeholder Forum for Sustainable Estate Crops Development (FKPB). There are two drafts of governor’s decrees, one is concerning the identification of HCV areas and the second one is concerning management, monitoring and reporting of HCV areas.
  • The FKPB conducted three webinars on the topics: ‘Berau Green Development Road Map through Sustainable Commodity Investment’, ‘Implementation of the Sustainable Palm Oil Plantation Certification System in East Kalimantan’, ‘Impacts of the newly enacted omnibus law to the development of sustainable estate crops’.
  • Virtual launch of the publication “Indeks Desa Membangun Plus (IDM+): An Enhanced Sustainable Land Use Index that Provides Direct Incentive to Villages” on November 5th, 2020.
  • Following the release of CPI’s publication, “The Role of Finance in Smallholder Diversification” (…), CPI conducted a training on 23 November 2020 for smallholders on specific opportunities to diversify their crops and stagger their planting times. The training workshop was facilitated by the village head as well as a representative from the Berau Crop Estate Office.

Project data


Implementing organisation:
The Nature Conservancy (TNC) - International

Political partner(s):
  • District Government of Berau - Indonesia
  • East Kalimantan Provincial Climate Change Center (DDPI) - Indonesia
  • East Kalimantan Provincial Estate Crops Office (Dinas Perkebunan Provinsi Kalimantan Timur)
  • Local Development Planning Agency Berau (BAPPEDA) - Indonesia
  • Ministry of Environment and Forestry (KLHK) - Indonesia
  • Ministry of Finance - Indonesia
  • State Ministry of National Development Planning (BAPPENAS) - Indonesia

Implementing partner(s):
  • Climate Policy Initiative (CPI)

BMU grant:
4.378.557,69 €

03/2015  till  12/2021

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