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Low-emissions oil palm development in Berau District, East Kalimantan

As of: September 2020

Objective and activities

A substantial portion of primary and secondary forest land in Berau District, East Kalimantan Province is eligible for development of oil palm plantations. The conversion of these areas could result in up to 60 million tons of forest carbon emissions. This project will bring government institutions, private sector industry, and civil society groups together to develop and pilot implementation of a district-level sustainable oil palm program in order to demonstrate that palm oil development can be done in a responsible manner at scale. Outputs include increased capacity of district government, tools and approaches for improved corporate and community practices, provincial level socio-economic and environmental analysis and policy dialogue to inform sustainable oil palm development, and policy recommendations on jurisdictional program development and implementation. The project will serve as a model for other districts and provinces seeking to implement sustainable oil palm programs.
Joint project
Low-emission palm oil development in Berau Regency, East Kalimantan

State of implementation/results

  • The project contributed to the IKI Indonesia Newsletter of the 7th, 8th, and 9th editions and provided updates on sustainable palm oil for the 10th and 11th editions.
  • The project leader provided a presentation on palm oil in Indonesia for a webinar of the Forum for Sustainable Palm Oil (FONAP) on February 10, 2020.
  • The Deputy Ambassador of Germany to Indonesia visited East Kalimantan Province and the District of Berau on 17-19 February 2020. The project’s counterparts presented recent developments of the district government data management in its data center.
  • By March 2020, the project organized 25 trainings on management of data, land use, and conflict mediation and negotiation. There were 673 participants (15% women) from district government offices, plantation companies, local community members and NGOs.
  • The Berau District Conflict Mediation Taskforce facilitates the negotiation and mediation process in six villages between communities and nine oil palm companies. The mediation and negotiation process aims to settle 35 areas of interest, of which the villagers want to conserve about 14,000 ha of forested land.
  • Together with TNC, the project supported the Berau District Government (the planning agency and the estate crop agency) in preparing a decree of the Head of the District to legalize the indicative map of high conservation value (HCV) forests on areas eligible for oil palm development. The latest agreement among the district government team is to include areas with location permits (izin lokasi) but exclude areas under plantation business permits (IUP) and right to cultivate (HGU). It results in the latest version of the draft of the indicative HCV areas of about 83,000 ha, 46% of which are with location permits. The project introduced an initial version of the computer software to help permit applicants and district government agencies in identifying suitable areas, by using the indicative HCV map.
  • Berau District Government and the District People’s Assembly (DPRD) endorsed the District Regulation on Sustainable Plantation Development. The regulation stipulates the obligation for the estate crop growers (including oil palm) to protect and manage high conservation value (HCV) areas, apply the FPIC (free, prior, and informed consent) approach, and resolve conflicts. The project provided input during the preparation of the regulation.
  • The mobile app to map and collect smallholders’ farm and data necessary for farm registration according to the Ministry of Agriculture regulation is ready. A pilot implementation was carried out in Berau, covering 139 farmers with a total area of 721 ha.

Project data


Implementing organisation:
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH

Partner institution(s):
  • District Government of Berau - Indonesia, East Kalimantan Provincial Climate Change Center (DDPI) - Indonesia, Local Development Planning Agency Berau (BAPPEDA) - Indonesia, Ministry of Environment and Forestry - Indonesia, Ministry of Finance - Indonesia, State Ministry of National Development Planning (BAPPENAS) - Indonesia
  • Climate Policy Initiative (CPI),The Nature Conservancy (TNC) - Indonesia

BMU grant:
1.830.000,00 €

09/2017  till  02/2022

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