Mali - Pilot Programme for an integrative adaptation strategy
As of: April 2021
Mali is especially vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. It is very likely that temperatures will rise sharply, while precipitation becomes less reliable and water availability is generally reduced. This has repercussions for important sectors of the economy such as agriculture and forestry, animal husbandry, energy and healthcare. At the same time, the country lacks data and resources to implement its National Climate Change Action Plan (PANC). The project, which is run jointly by GIZ and UNDP, is supporting the Malian meteorological service in its efforts to collect reliable climate data. This will improve the classification of climate change impacts and the responses adopted. The project is also supporting the Malian Climate Fund, which aims to provide long-term adaptation financing, and implementing innovative, gender-sensitive adaptation measures – focusing on water conservation, agro-pastoral practices and sustainable forest management – in the regions of Kayes and Sikasso.
State of implementation/results
- Workshops to raise awareness on climate change issues in the regions of Kayes and Sikasso.
- An analytical study on the needs of women's groups in processing equipment, market gardening and microcredit was finalized.
- Establishment of Famer Field Schools (FFS) in 30 villages. 600 to 900 producers were supervised during the crop year 2017 on adapted cropping techniques and improved seed varieties. The evaluation of the Farmer Field Schools 2019 showed the following results: 39 Producer Field Schools were introduced, benefitting 1,644 participants, including 707 women. This includes (i) 17 FFSs for 1,033 producers including 635 women in Kayes, and (ii) 22 FFFs for 611 producers including 72 women in Sikasso.
- Training of 368 producers in the Kayes region participating in the FFSs, including 173 women, in sheep fattening and seedling production. Beneficiaries are spread over 12 villages and are supported through the provision of inputs and equipment (fences, wheelbarrows, feeders and waterers etc...) for the introduction of fattening units of 25m2.
- In 2019 a series of trainings were conducted in Kayes and Sikasso on (1) the production of data using farmers’ raingauges, (2) the dissemination of seasonal forecasts to guide the selection of crop varieties, based on crop cycles and soil types, (3) the agricultural calendar for the conduct of daily activities, (4) the types of climate risks. A first training targeted 43 agents of Mali Météo. The second training targeted 221 producers. Each village was equipped with two farmers’ rain gauges and trained for the production of climate and socio-climatic information (drought- and flood-prone areas, presence of predators such as locusts and caterpillars). The third training with Mali Météo focuses on the dissemination of socio-climatic information, using the equipment provided (i.e. Phone, software, stations), benefitting the 140 observers. 70 observation sites were established by the project (covering about 10 km²) in its areas of intervention with two observers per site.
- In 2019 management committees for the 8 lowlands developed by the project have been set up. The members of these committees were trained on management tools and the use of door closures for micro-dams.
- Completion of the work for the nine market gardening perimeters which started at the end of 2018. These market gardening perimeters with seasonal crops are now used by about 1,500 women. Also, seeds and small equipment (watering cans, spades, etc.) was supplied for market gardening to women farmers in the 12 market gardening perimeters introduced as part of the project (about 2,500).
- Training of 244 women farmers in 3 market gardening perimeters in market gardening techniques. The women in the other perimeters will be trained in 2020.
- In 2019 the works for the pastoral perimeter of Nioro Tougouné were concluded. A 25ha perimeter was equipped with a borehole with a solar pumping system, a vaccination park, a cattle yard and a shop. This infrastructure directly benefits the entire population of the village (1,139 people in 184 households).
- Fish ponds are now stocked with fish, benefitting 607 people (326 women), and women management committees were created and trained.
- Training of 100 beekeepers on honey production and supply of equipment (Kenyan hives and protective suits) in the project intervention areas in Sikasso region.