Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) III: Fulfilling the Promise of NAMAs to Enhance International Climate Ambition
As of: June 2021
Building on the work of previous projects and within the framework of the Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) for the implementation of nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMAs), the project supported emerging economies and developing countries in Latin America and Asia in designing ambitious NAMAs. This included expanding the MAIN network, motivating policy teams to develop ambitious sectoral policies and to design effective financial mechanisms, and helping the best NAMAs receive financing. The project brought Green Climate Fund (GCF) board members and key climate negotiators together to demonstrate how NAMAs can be the crucial building blocks for more ambitious 'Intended Nationally Determined Contributions' (INDCs) at Paris and the mainstays of the implementation process after Paris, defining a path to a lower carbon and more resilient development future in the context of NDC implementation.
State of implementation/results
Developed a series of policy papers on the need for countries to convert their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) into policies, measures and financeable investment strategies, and the support that will be required by some developing countries to do so, including: "Next Steps for Converting INDCs into Action" (ccap.org/…), and a submission to the UNFCCC on Supporting NDC Conversion and Implementation through Post-Paris UNFCCC Processes.
Hosted two International Dialogues on Enhancing Ambition (IDEA): October 2015: Negotiators, GCF Board members, and climate finance practitioners convened to understand the process of converting INDCs into financeable investment strategies, what funders are looking for to be able to finance them, and how climate finance institutions like the GCF can support this. May 2017: Representatives from a range of private sector firms, developing and donor government agencies, the GCF, and multilateral and bilateral finance institutions convened to promote effective engagement of the private sector to support ambitious, country-driven climate action in line with NDCs.
Held a series of side events at the UNFCCC COPs to advance ambitious action on climate and clean energy including at COP21 “Transformation in the Energy Sector and Achieving INDCs” and at COP22 “Filling the Pipeline: Developing Projects that Mobilize Climate Finance.”
Hosted policy lunches for GCF Board members and UNFCCC negotiators at GCF Board meetings and COPs on key climate finance issues including: the GCF Strategic Plan, the support for INDC conversion, and strengthening the GCF project pipeline through readiness funding and the project preparation facility, and on a programmatic approach and accelerating action in the GCF.
Submitted inputs to the GCF on the “Review of the Initial Proposal Approval Process” which included advocating for a two-stage approval process modeled in part on the NAMA Facility.
Developed paper on best practice approaches for mobilizing private sector investment in support of NDCs, including short-term considerations for the GCF’s Private Sector Facility.
Hosted two regional MAIN dialogues that convened high-level developed and developing country policymakers, and representatives of developed countries and funding agencies to promote implementation and financing of NDCs: 7th MAIN-LAC in Mexico City/Mexico, in February 2016, and the 8th MAIN-LAC dialogue in Quito/Ecuador in conjunction with UNDP and GIZ’s LAC regional dialogue on NDCs, in August 2017.
Climate Finance Forum in May 2016 in Bonn/Germany to encourage the development and financing of transformational programme proposals and climate strategies that will help developing countries achieve ambitious outcomes and sustainable development to meet their NDCs.
Developed policy analysis concerning the use of Internationally Transferred Mitigation Outcomes (ITMOs) as allowed for under Article 6 of the Paris Agreement. Submitted views to the UNFCCC on key issues regarding the generation and use of ITMOs, which can support the achievement of the global ambition promised in the Paris Agreement by expanding the range of options available to Parties to fulfill or exceed their current NDCs cost-effectively. Developed policy brief on how ITMOs interact with NDCs over multiple cycles, and Long-term decarbonization strategies.
CCAP, along with UNEP-DTU and New Climate Institute, prepared a policy brief that looks at how to develop NAMAs that create favourable conditions for low-carbon investment. This entails considering three main dimensions: improving policy and institutional frameworks, addressing financial risks and returns, and identifying projects and demonstrating feasibility.
Support for Peru in developing a distributed renewable energy NAMA and for Colombia in developing a municipal solid waste NAMA.