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Mitigation and adaptation through conservation and sustainable livelihoods in Indonesia's peat and mangrove ecosystems

As of: September 2021

Peat and mangrove ecosystems offer ecosystem services to communities in Indonesia in the form of coastal protection, flood water retention, water quality and food security. The project is supporting the widespread retention and effective management of peat and mangrove ecosystems in West Papua and North Sumatra. This will increase the resilience of communities and biodiversity most threatened by the impacts of climate change. The project is based on sustainable economic solutions such as shrimp fishing, non-wood products and the agricultural use of raised bogs and fens, which simultaneously help to establish alternative livelihoods for inhabitants. By avoiding the deforestation of 20,000 hectares of mangrove forests and 60,000 hectares of peat forests during its lifetime, the project is helping to save around 30 million tonnes of CO2. Overall, around 10,000 people in the areas targeted by the project are benefitting from the new sources of income created by the sustainable use of peat and mangrove ecosystems.

State of implementation/results

    National level:
    • BAPPENAS agreed to take ownership of the Peat and Mangrove Ecosystems Advisory Committee (PME AC) which now will be called PME Strategic Coordination Team.
    • Recommendations for a national Peat and Mangrove Ecosystems (PME) management roadmap were finalised and discussed with the relevant ministries in August 2020.
    North Sumatera:
    • Wetlands International Indonesia (WII) agreed to restore 200 ha peatland area with local communities that incorporate livelihood activities with a canal blocking system. However, this will not be attributed to the rewetting impact.
    • WII reported a decrease of water level in the restoration area in Muara Manompas which was also influenced by the forest fire event.
    • Technical material providing detailed information about each strategic area in South Tapanuli has been finalised to support the development process of a detailed spatial plan for the Strategic Area of Siais Lake and Muara Opu, to protect peatland ecosystem.
    • WII finalised a draft report on ‘peatland assessment and strategic management recommendation for Muara Manompas’.
    • WII built its first pilot canal block in Muara Manompas on 21 Sep. 2020, involving 15 people from local communities. Another eleven canal blocks will be built after the pilot canal block is finished.
    West Papua:
    • A full assessment of Environmentally Sensitive Areas has been completed.
    • A series of meeting were conducted to identify a potential local partner to support the livelihood project implementation.
    • Conservation International (CI) is in the process on determining additional livelihood pilot project sites.
    • CI staff is part of the West Papua Spatial Planning (RTRW) revision team.
    • A field survey to collect socio-economic baseline data may not be feasible soon. Alternatively, during an end-of-project survey, participants could be asked about the conditions at the start of the project.
    • A Spatial Monitoring, Analysis and Reporting Tool (SMART) Patrol Training module has been finalised.
    • Project activities as well as key knowledge products to support achieving project outputs have been captured in the 10th and 11th edition of the IKI–Indonesia newsletter (June & Sep. 2020).
    • A policy brief with recommendations for West Papua Spatial Plan to protect 70% of critical ecosystems (including PME) has been developed and submitted to the Provincial Government in May 2020.
    • The IKI project has been presented at two webinars related to mangroves ecosystems, hosted by partners during International Mangrove Day (26 July 2020) (>500 participants).
    • CI hosted a webinar with Universitas Papua (UNIPA) on 12 Aug. 2020 to discuss challenges, potential benefits and solutions for mangrove conservation in West Papua. (98 participants).
    • The IKI project was introduced to the Indonesian youth as part of CI’s project to support the country’s mitigation and adaptation efforts. His was done during a Training of Trainers event for 120 people who are part of ‘Pepelingasih’, a group of youth from across Indonesia, formed by the Ministry of Youth and Sports to strengthen youth’s leaderships on environmental issues and broadcasted on the Ministry’s YouTube channel (14K subscribers & 726 views).

Project data


Implementing organisation:
Conservation International (CI)

Political partner(s):
  • Ministry of Environment and Forestry (KLHK) - Indonesia
  • Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries - Indonesia
  • National Planning Agency - Indonesia

Implementing partner(s):
  • Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR)
  • Wetlands International - Indonesia

BMU grant:
3.967.440,00 €

04/2019  till  05/2023


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