Mitigation and adaptation through conservation and sustainable livelihoods in Indonesia's peat and mangrove ecosystems - Internationale Climate Initiative (IKI)
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Mitigation and adaptation through conservation and sustainable livelihoods in Indonesia's peat and mangrove ecosystems

As of: January 2022

Peat and mangrove ecosystems offer ecosystem services to communities in Indonesia in the form of coastal protection, flood water retention, water quality and food security. The project is supporting the widespread retention and effective management of peat and mangrove ecosystems in West Papua and North Sumatra. This will increase the resilience of communities and biodiversity most threatened by the impacts of climate change. The project is based on sustainable economic solutions such as shrimp fishing, non-wood products and the agricultural use of raised bogs and fens, which simultaneously help to establish alternative livelihoods for inhabitants. By avoiding the deforestation of 20,000 hectares of mangrove forests and 60,000 hectares of peat forests during its lifetime, the project is helping to save around 30 million tonnes of CO2. Overall, around 10,000 people in the areas targeted by the project are benefitting from the new sources of income created by the sustainable use of peat and mangrove ecosystems.

State of implementation/results

  • National level:
    • The Strategic Coordination Team for Wetlands Management (SCT-WM) was officially legalized in Oct. 2020 by the Ministry of National Development Planning (MNDP).
    • SCT-WM initiated the development of the National Peatland and Mangrove Ecosystem (PME) roadmap and is supported by Conservation International (CI), Wetlands International Indonesia (WII), and CIFOR.
    North Sumatera:
    • The Peatland Forum Working Group (PFWG) in North Sumatra was created, based on Governor Decree.
    • WII agreed to restore 200 ha peatland area with local communities that incorporate livelihood activities with a canal blocking system. However, this will not be attributed to the rewetting impact.
    • Conducted a “Sustainable Peatland Management Policies and Practices in South Tapanuli and North Sumatra” workshop with South Tapanuli Government (20th April 2021).
    • The Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) report for South Tapanuli Medium-term Development Plan (MTDP) was finalized.
    • 20 Biorights community groups (consist of 205 members) have been actively involved in paludiculture and canal blocks maintenance for peatland restoration in Muara Manompas as well as carrying out their business plan. Up to date all groups have received 22.5 million IDR as their 1st instalment. Currently they are going through the 2nd phase of funding distribution.
    • 12 canal blocks that have been built to support peatland restoration activities in Muara Manompas are being maintained regularly.
    West Papua:
    • A full assessment of Environmentally Sensitive Areas has been completed.
    • West Papua Forest Management Plan (FMP) was finalized and submitted to the government.
    • A series of meeting were conducted to identify a potential local partner to support the livelihood project implementation.
    • CI staff is part of the West Papua Spatial Planning (RTRW) revision team.
    • A field survey to collect socio-economic baseline data may not be feasible soon. Alternatively, during an end-of-project survey, participants could be asked about the conditions at the start of the project.
    • SMART patrol monitoring tools have been implemented in Fakfak and Sorong Regencies based on monitoring reports that have been shared by West Papua Nature Conservation Agency.
    • A Spatial Monitoring, Analysis and Reporting Tool (SMART) Patrol Training module has been finalised.
    • A policy brief with recommendations for West Papua Spatial Plan to protect 70% of critical ecosystems (including PME) has been developed and submitted to the Provincial Government in May 2020.
    • The IKI project has been presented at two webinars related to mangroves ecosystems, hosted by partners during International Mangrove Day (26 July 2020) (>500 participants).
    • CI hosted a webinar with Universitas Papua (UNIPA) on 12 Aug. 2020 to discuss challenges, potential benefits and solutions for mangrove conservation in West Papua. (98 participants).
    • The IKI project was introduced to the Indonesian youth as part of CI’s project to support the country’s mitigation and adaptation efforts. His was done during a Training of Trainers event for 120 people. The event was broadcasted on the Ministry’s YouTube channel (14K subscribers & 726 views).

Project data


Implementing organisation:
Conservation International (CI)

Political partner(s):
  • Ministry of Environment and Forestry (KLHK) - Indonesia
  • Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries - Indonesia
  • National Planning Agency - Indonesia

Implementing partner(s):
  • Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR)
  • Wetlands International - Indonesia

BMU grant:
3.967.440,00 €

04/2019  till  05/2023


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