MRV system for mitigation actions in Indonesia
As of: February 2020
Objective and activities
Setting up a national MRV system to comply with the reporting obligations of the Paris Agreement (Article 13/2015), IDN faces challenges of realigning several existing databases incl. data collection. The project supports the Indonesian government, particularly BAPPENAS, in the development of a standardized MRV system of mitigation measures: 1) support national/sub-national stakeholders in the integration of existing tool (PEP) into a national MRV system, including the development of institutional arrangements; 2) support the Secretariat of the National Action Plan on Reduction (RAN-GRK) of collecting standardized data that is consistent with international guidelines and building a comprehensive data management system; 3) strengthening capacities for national and sub-national stakeholders in reporting on mitigation measures. The project will work closely with BAPPENAS (lead ministry for implementation of RAN-GRK) and, with other actors (in particular KLHK and the Ministry of the Interior).
State of implementation/results
In kick-off meeting organized on 11 March 2019, the participants agreed to review the existing monitoring systems of the participating Indonesian ministries (Ministry of Development Planning, Ministry of Environment and Forestry, Coordinating Ministry of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, Ministry of Agriculture, and Ministry of Transport).
- Together with the technical team of the Ministry of Development Planning (BAPPENAS) and the Ministry of Environment and Forestry (KLHK), the project has developed the requirements for the two monitoring systems (PEP Online and SRN). A demonstration version of the application interface to facilitate information exchange has been developed and presented to the technical team. This interface facilitates communication and interaction between different web-based systems. Approval by political decision-makers from BAPPENAS and KLHK is still pending.
- The project has submitted a proposal for the harmonization of the various mitigation monitoring systems to the partners. There are currently more than ten systems, which are located in five different ministries. Some of them are overlapping, but most are complementary. A fully functional, harmonized system will result in more reliable and improved data quality. The project organized four workshops between May and August 2019 to facilitate the discussion of the technical teams of BAPPENAS and KLHK.
- In line with the BAPPENAS agenda on low-carbon development, the project supports the further development of the PEP Online Tool, not only to monitor greenhouse gas emissions reductions, but also to monitor the intensity of greenhouse gas emissions as well as other indicators as identified in the Green Paper Draft of the Medium Term Development Plan (RPJMN) 2020-2024. The revision of the PEP Online Tool thus also includes the identification of new indicators consistent with the NDCs, the new RPJMN and the Presidential Decree (merged on 61/71 2011).
- As part of the further development of the PEP Online Tool, the project also supports the sector ministries in improving methods for calculating emissions from mitigation measures. It is expected that the enhanced PEP Online Tool and methodology will be completed by December 2019 and operational by March 2020.
- The project also supports the Ministry of Transport in improving the methodology for calculating emissions from mitigation measures for the transport sector. This includes mitigation measures from four sub-sectors: railways, land transport such as Bus Rapid Transit (BRT), air and maritime transport. The project organized four workshops on transport between April and August 2019 to facilitate discussion between the Ministry and various modes of transport.
- In October and November 2019, the BAPPENAS project will support the organization of workshops for the subnational government. In October, a workshop will be organized in Surabaya for 14 provinces from Java and Bali to hold personal consultations with BAPPENAS and sector ministries on the planning, budgeting and implementation of low-carbon development at the sub-national level. The November workshop will provide training to sub-national governments to input and update monitoring data on the implementation of mitigation actions in 2018 and 2019. It is expected that all 34 provinces will attend the workshop.