Nature conservation concessions to protect tropical rainforest in Indonesia
As of: September 2021
The Indonesian government allocates Environment Restoration Concessions (ERCs) to private organisations seeking to restore forest areas that have been used or degraded for commercial logging purposes in the past. The project supports this policy in order to protect the endangered tropical forests in Bukit Tigapuluh National Park (Sumatra) and in Gorontalo (Sulawesi). In this way, it contributes to the conservation of forests as carbon reservoirs, to the protection of biological diversity and to creating habitats for local populations. Close cooperation with local communities is also essential for the management of the ERC project areas to ensure the fair sharing of benefits and avoid conflicts of interest. Parallel to these activities, the project is working with other ERCs and the Indonesian Ministry of Environment and Forests to further develop this instrument, which was largely untested until a few years ago.
State of implementation/results
- The ERC for the component Bukit Tigapuluh / Jambi Sumatra was allocated to PT ABT on July 27, 2015.
- ERC for the second project area in Gorontalo (Sulawesi) is scheduled for the beginning of 2018
- In 2014, the regulation concerning the size ERC areas was revised. As a consequence, concession holders can only apply for a maximum of two concessions with a limitation of 50.000 ha each.
- This regulation also has an impact on the concession areas of the project, which have been reduced accordingly
- Deforestation in Block I and II in Jambi is comparatively lower than outside the ERC
- In Gorontalo, there are no indications for a determined increase of reductions in the forest area.
- In Bukit Tigapuluh, orang-utan, elephant and tiger were selected as key species for monitoring; in Gorontalo the Sulawesi Hornbill, the Helm's Hornbill as well as lowland and mountain anoa In Bukit Tigapuluh.
- For the ERC in Tigapuluh an increase of individuals for all three animal species has already been observed.
- To determine the abundance of the animals in Gorontalo there are currently monitoring measures being carried out.
- In Bukit Tigapuluh, the first Village Resource Management Agreement (VRMA) was signed; for the other two preparations are underway.
- In Gorontalo, the in October 2016 signed VRMAs were implemented and 16 subsequent villages were identified for the elaboration of further VRMAs.