Political dialogue and knowledge management on low emission strategies in the MENA region
As of: June 2020
Objective and activities
In the course of the global climate agreement, MENA countries have been requested to present strategies for transforming their national economies into sustainable and low-carbon economic systems. However, both macroeconomic and sector specific country plans have given little importance to climate policy objectives so far. Many countries developed their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) without taking into account detailed macroeconomic considerations. Moreover, instruments to improve energy and resource efficiency need still to be developed. The project supports the partner countries to identify and implement suitable political instruments in order to reach their national climate change targets for subsectors. Regional expert forums serve as learning and knowledge exchange platforms for competent authorities, corporate actors and scholars. The project evaluates regional best practice and lessons learned to make the benefits accessible for worldwide IKI projects.
State of implementation/results
- Project contributes to the concretization of long-term low emission and adaptation strategies as well as to the expansion of renewable energies and increase of energy efficiency in the MENA region
- Project makes an important contribution to IKI knowledge management in the MENA region. It offers networking potential for BMU, BMZ and BMWi projects in the MENA region
- In Morocco, Tunisia and Algeria, the economic impact assessment of long-term energy strategies is supported by scenario modelling, to assess the impact of the expansion of renewable energies and improved energy efficiency on other areas
- A network of think tanks and universities in the MENA region is being established to exchange knowledge on climate-energy-economy modelling
- In Iran, local partners are being supported in the implementation of sustainable water resource management in a river basin under climate change conditions
- German experts from the environmental administration are sharing their experience with Iranian experts on emission reduction in industry through best available techniques (BAT). In Jordan, experts advised on the legal framework for the implementation of the commitments under the Paris Agreement. A corresponding climate protection regulation, which defines the roles of Jordanian institutions in the implementation, was adopted by the Jordanian government in April 2019
- Together with the Jordanian Chamber of Industry, two energy efficiency networks in industry are being piloted
- In Algeria, experts advised the Ministry of Energy and the electricity supplier on the integration of renewable energies into the electricity system and on technical grid connection rules. The new grid code was published in November 2019
- The Energy Department of the Arab League (LAS) is supported in the implementation of the Pan Arab Sustainable Energy Strategy as well as in the preparation of National Action Plans and Annual Reports on the expansion of renewable energies and energy efficiency
- A transregional platform on large solar power plants has been organizing knowledge exchange on the application of solar technologies since 2015
- In a Green Banking Training, more than 120 participants from the banking sector in Morocco, Jordan, Tunisia and Egypt were able to improve their knowledge on financing renewable energy and energy efficiency.
- Extensive studies on the role of coal in the energy mix of the MENA countries and on innovative instruments to promote energy efficiency in the region were prepared and will be discussed with decision-makers from the region in the coming months.