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Protected areas and other area-based conservation measures at the level of local governments

As of: June 2021

Communal protected areas can make a significant contribution to biodiversity and climate protection in South America. However, they have rarely been institutionalised as protected area categories and their potential has so far received little attention. The project aims to increase the number of local governments in the partner countries that sustainably manage communal protected areas and other area-based protection measures and is developing appropriate knowledge and resources in the local governments to this end. It also strengthens multiplier structures that support local governments with information and technical services. On an intergovernmental level, the project enables the sharing of experiences gained with legal instruments and framework conditions among the participating countries – and it also makes the project experiences known on an international scale. Virtual forms of learning and communication are to be linked to existing platforms and networks, enabling the project to reach countries that are not directly involved.

State of implementation/results

  • Examples of successful management of local protected areas were documented in the four countries and published by ICLEI (…).
  • Selected experiences of environmental managers at municipal level are presented in the web series "Voces Locales" (…, new episode from Colombia from 06/2020).
  • Declaration of local governments at the 3rd Congress of Protected Areas of Latin America and the Caribbean (CAPLAC) 2019 in Lima, which emphasises the increased importance of local governments for biodiversity conservation: (…).
  • ICLEI network of local governments with an interest in local protected areas and other effective area-based conservation measures was launched in 06/2020: (…).
  • Conference "Bio2020”: Representatives of Brazilian states, municipalities and civil society state in the "Letter from São Paulo" their demands regarding the post-2020 global biodiversity framework (…).
  • In Ecuador, technical guidelines for the establishment of biodiversity corridors were adopted. These guidelines strengthen the role of local governments in the establishment of such corridors (…).
  • In Colombia, the project supported the publication of "Voces de la gestión territorial" (…). By July 2020, 1,377 participants had successfully completed the online course on instruments for municipal biodiversity conservation.
  • #YoHagoElCambio is the name of a new campaign (…) in which 150 Colombian mayors commit themselves to integrating climate and biodiversity protection measures into their local development plans.
  • In Peru, local conservation initiatives were identified on behalf of the Ministry of the Environment (MINAM) and fed into a new database, an important contribution to national reporting to the CDB ( The "Manual on Modalities of Biodiversity Conservation outside Protected Areas" was published (

Project data

Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru

Implementing organisation:
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH

Political partner(s):
  • Ministry of Environment (MINAM) - Peru
  • Ministry of Environment - Brazil
  • Ministry of Environment - Ecuador
  • Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development (MADS) - Colombia

Implementing partner(s):
  • ICLEI South America Secretariat - Brazil
  • International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) - Brazil
  • Ministry of Environment (MINAM) - Peru
  • Ministry of Environment - Brazil
  • Ministry of Environment - Ecuador
  • Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development (MADS) - Colombia

BMU grant:
5.700.000,00 €

12/2016  till  01/2022



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