Protected areas and other area-based conservation measures at the level of local governments - Internationale Climate Initiative (IKI)
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Protected areas and other area-based conservation measures at the level of local governments

As of: September 2020

Objective and activities

Communal protected areas can make a significant contribution to biodiversity and climate protection in South America. However, they have rarely been institutionalised as protected area categories and their potential has so far received little attention. The project aims to increase the number of local governments in the partner countries that sustainably manage communal protected areas and other area-based protection measures and is developing appropriate knowledge and resources in the local governments to this end. It also strengthens multiplier structures that support local governments with information and technical services. On an intergovernmental level, the project enables the sharing of experiences gained with legal instruments and framework conditions among the participating countries – and it also makes the project experiences known on an international scale. Virtual forms of learning and communication are to be linked to existing platforms and networks, enabling the project to reach countries that are not directly involved.

State of implementation/results

  • Examples of successful management of local protected areas in each of the four countries were identified: three examples per country are being documented and published on the ICLEI websites. (…) Selected experiences are presented in the web series "Voces Locales" produced by the project. (…)
  • With a series of events the regional project participated in the organisation of the III Latin American Congress of the IUCN (14-17 October 2019, Lima), which was attended by more than 2,700 people. The increased importance of local governments in biodiversity conservation was highlighted by a declaration of the local governments. (…)
  • In Colombia and Peru, regional expert workshops were organised to recognise "other effective area-based conservation measures" as defined by the CBD. In Colombia, the project is working together with the GEF Small Grants Programme on the application of the IUCN guidelines.
  • In the "Carta de São Paulo", representatives of various Brazilian states, municipalities and civil society set out their demands regarding the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). The declaration was written in the context the conference "Bio2020 - Brazilian Perspectives for the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework" (4-6 February 2020, São Paulo).
  • In Ecuador, regulations for new environmental legislation have been drawn up to regulate the legal situation of local protected areas and other area-based protective measures. The decentralised autonomous governments (GAD) thus have improved conditions for the establishment and management of their own protected area subsystems.
  • The project supported the recognition of the Chocó Andino de Pichincha Biosphere Reserve in 06/2018 (…) which facilitates dialogue, alliances and cooperation in their biosphere reserve, preserves biodiversity and brings benefits to the local population (…).
  • In Colombia, the project working group contributed to the recognition of so-called "complementary conservation strategies" and supported the publication "Voces de la gestión territorial" (…). 811 participants successfully completed the new online course on instruments for municipal biodiversity protection in 11/2019.
  • #YoHagoElCambio is the name of a new campaign (…) developed jointly with the IKI project NDC support, in which 150 Colombian mayors commit themselves to integrating climate and biodiversity protection measures into their local development plans. The campaign was launched during the National Congress of Colombian Municipalities (25-28 February 2020).
  • On behalf of the Peruvian Ministry of the Environment (MINAM), 78 local conservation initiatives were identified in Peru. These are being incorporated into a new MINAM database and contribute to national reporting to the CDB.

Project data

Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru

Implementing organisation:
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH

Partner institution(s):
  • Ministry of Environment (MINAM) - Peru, Ministry of Environment - Brazil, Ministry of Environment - Ecuador, Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development (MADS) - Colombia
  • ICLEI South America Secretariat - Brazil,International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) - Brazil

BMU grant:
4.700.000,00 €

12/2016  till  11/2020



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