Protected areas and other area-based conservation measures at the level of local governments - Internationale Climate Initiative (IKI)
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Protected areas and other area-based conservation measures at the level of local governments

As of: April 2020

Objective and activities

Communal protected areas can make a significant contribution to biodiversity and climate protection in South America. However, they have rarely been institutionalised as protected area categories and their potential has so far received little attention. The project aims to increase the number of local governments in the partner countries that sustainably manage communal protected areas and other area-based protection measures and is developing appropriate knowledge and resources in the local governments to this end. It also strengthens multiplier structures that support local governments with information and technical services. On an intergovernmental level, the project enables the sharing of experiences gained with legal instruments and framework conditions among the participating countries – and it also makes the project experiences known on an international scale. Virtual forms of learning and communication are to be linked to existing platforms and networks, enabling the project to reach countries that are not directly involved.

State of implementation/results

  • Examples of successful management of local protected areas in each of the four countries were identified: three examples per country are being documented and published on the ICLEI websites. (…) and PANORAMA (…)
  • In Brazil, in 01/2019 six municipalities were trained in a pilot workshop on the methodology for integrating ecosystem services into the management of local protected areas and other site-related conservation measures. The city of Florianópolis applied this to its municipal plan for the protection and sustainable use of the Atlantic coastal rainforest. (…)
  • In Ecuador, regulations for new environmental legislation have been drawn up to regulate the legal situation of local protected areas and other area-based protective measures. The decentralised autonomous governments thus have improved conditions for the establishment and management of their own protected area subsystems.
  • The project supported the recognition of the Chocó Andino de Pichincha Biosphere Reserve in 06/2018 (…).
  • Representatives of the decentralized autonomous governments attended the first regional conference of the project in Sao Paulo in 05/2017 (…), where they learned about the Mata Atlântica Biosphere Reserve, among other things.
  • In 10/2018 they presented to the participants of the second regional conference of the project how they can facilitate dialogue, alliances and cooperation in their biosphere reserve, preserve biodiversity and bring benefits to the local population (…).
  • In Colombia, the project working group with representatives of local governments contributed to the recognition of so-called "complementary conservation strategies" and supported the publication "Voces de la gestión territorial" (…). For the first time, local governments were involved in the dialogue on the design of regional protected area systems and existing municipal protected area systems were catalogued.
  • In Peru, in 02/2019 the project organised a regional expert workshop on the recognition of "other effective area-based protective measures" as defined in the Convention on Biological Diversity and supported by IUCN (…).

Project data

Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru

Implementing organisation:
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH

Partner institution(s):
  • Ministry of Environment (MINAM) - Peru, Ministry of Environment - Brazil, Ministry of Environment - Ecuador, Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development (MADS) - Colombia
  • ICLEI South America Secretariat - Brazil,International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) - Brazil

BMU grant:
4.700.000,00 €

12/2016  till  11/2020


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