Protecting the Orinoco river basin in Colombia through the integration of ecosystem services into regional development planning - TEEB
As of: September 2021
The complex ecosystem of the Orinoco river landscape is still largely untouched. It offers a unique biodiversity and provides key ecosystem services for the population of Colombia. The rapidly spreading agro-industrial production does not yet consider the value of the ecosystem services sufficiently – and this endangers the ecological stability of the region. The project strengthens the resources and competencies of key stakeholders in the assessment of ecosystem services. This should enable decision-makers to recognize the value of ecosystem services and to integrate it into regional development planning. In this way, the project also contributes to the implementation of the National Biodiversity Policy, the Aichi 2020 Targets and the National Adaptation Plan (NAP).
State of implementation/results
- Together with representatives of the public and private sector and the civil society, significant services of ecosystems were identified, which are related to gallery forests (food, raw materials and recreation), savannah landscapes (water and habitat) and soil (food, animal feed).
- In addition, priority themes/sectors were identified together with the implementing partners: Advice on planning and regional planning processes, sustainable livestock farming and cashew cultivation.
- Through advisory inputs and workshops, the project and its implementing partners contributed to the consideration of biodiversity and ecosystem services in planning processes.
- With support of the project biodiversity and ecoszstem services were integrated into the municipal development plans 2020-2023 of five municipalities and two departments (Vichada and Meta) and into two agricultural expansion programs (Programas de Extension Agrícola (PDEA). By law, plans for agricultural expansion have to consider biodiversity and ecosystem services aspects.
- The project supported the regional and local governments to integrate conservation of biodiversity and ecosystem services into the subnational development plans. For the implementation, the stakeholders involved also received further support, for example through training on the ecological structure to strengthen the spatial planning of the region, and through the promotion of sustainable production systems and the management of biodiversity.
- The project results have been selected to be presented at the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) World Congress in France in June 2020 (postponed due to COVID-19).