Sino-German Environmental Partnership Phase II
As of: November 2020
Against the background of slowing economic growth, China’s 13th Five Year Plan has strengthened the issue of environmental protection by calling for sustainable development and an “ecological civilisation”. The German-Chinese Environmental Partnership supports China in developing an effective environmental policy, which includes the targeted exchange of experience and advice on issues such as the prevention and control of air, water and soil pollution. The project supports market-oriented approaches and sustainable production & consumption patterns, strengthens institutional and individual capacities to improve compliance with protection measures, contributes to implementing the sustainability goals of the 2030 Agenda and promotes bilateral dialogue with the Chinese Ministry of the Environment and the Chinese Environmental Advisory Council.
State of implementation/results
- The Ministry of Ecology and Environment of the People's Republic of China (MEE) and the BMU have extended their ongoing cooperation within the framework of the German-Chinese Environmental Partnership (SGEP) to include the topic of biodiversity conservation. The International Climate Initiative (ICI) is financing this strategic increase against the background that China will host the 15th Conference of the Parties (COP) to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) in Kunming in May 2021. The newly added measures support the dialogue between China and Germany on a sustainable and inclusive COP and an ambitious global framework for biological diversity after 2020, which is to be adopted at COP 15. Sub-national pilot projects for ecosystem services (Eco-system accounting) and biodiversity modelling will contribute to policy design and implementatio to ultimately improve China's environmental governance system. These activities are carried out jointly with the Nanjing Institute of Environmental Sciences of MEE (NIES), the Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences of MEE (CRAES), the Foreign Environmental Cooperation Center of MEE (FECO) and the Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN). They are supported by the World Conservation Monitoring Center of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP-WCMC).
- The project supports a wide range of working strands within the bilateral dialogue between MEE and BMU and their downstream institutions. Currently, the exchange is focused on chemical management, prevention and control of soil pollution, eco-labelling and management of volatile organic compounds (VOC). - At the 6th German-Chinese Environmental Forum (30.-31. October 2019, Beijing), China proposed intensifying bilateral cooperation in the fields of water, soil, biodiversity and environmental labelling. The forum was opened by China's Deputy Environment Minister ZHAO Yingmin and Federal Environment Minister Svenja Schulze and brought together 290 representatives from Chinese and German authorities, companies, universities and civil society organisations. It promoted an exchange on current challenges in environmental and climate policy, technological solutions and cooperation opportunities for the effective implementation of the Paris Climate Convention, the UN Convention on Biological Diversity and the 2030 Agenda. The project organised the forum together with the ICI Global Project "Strategic Environmental Dialogues" and with support from the ICI project "German-Chinese Climate Partnership".
- Success in the long-standing cooperation between the Blue Angel (German eco label) and the Chinese environmental label: The harmonisation of environmental certification standards in the printer cartridge and document shredder product groups has been agreed and is due to be signed in 2019. This is the decisive basis for mutual recognition of eco-labels and supports sustainable consumption in China and Germany.
- A step towards a "Paris Agreement for the Protection of Biodiversity": As part of the Biodiversity COP 14 in Sharm El Sheikh, the China Council for International Cooperation on Environment and Development (CCICED), together with the Chinese Academy of Science, the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) and with the support of this project, hosted a side event on the post-2020 Convention on Biodiversity. Among the participants were representatives of the governments of Malawi, Mexico, the Germany and the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). The event served as an important platform for exchange ahead of COP 15, which will take place in Kunming, China, in 2020. The 15th Biodiversity COP will be of particular importance because it will adopt the new global targets for the protection of biodiversity for the Decade 2020 to 2030 and present them as the "New Deal for Nature" to the global community. The participants of the side event expressed hope that this post-2020 framework will be a breakthrough as big as the Paris Agreement on Climate Change.
- The project organized numerous study visits for the Chinese Ministy of Environment and Ecology (MEE) and the CCICED to Germany and other EU-countries. Among the subjects were prevention and removal of soil pollution, protection of biodiversity, combating ocean pollution, and prosecution in the environmental sector.