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Strengthening the capacity of the waste sectors in Bhutan, Mongolia and Nepal by means of a circular economy concept aimed at reducing greenhouse gases (GHGs) and short-lived climate pollutants (SLCPs)

As of: October 2020

Objective and activities

Bhutan, Mongolia and Nepal have great potential regarding the reduction of greenhouse gases and short-lived climate change pollutants (SLCPs) emissions generated by the waste sector. The project supports the partner countries at national and local levels by creating political, financial and technical framework conditions for the establishment of environmentally sound technologies. In this way, it contributes to technical and institutional capacity building, and to the implementation of national mitigation targets. For example, this means that technologies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and short-lived climate pollutants are identified in the waste sector and project proposals prepared for the development of these technologies. This knowledge is also used to adapt the legal basis. Project reports, experiences and case studies from the project are published, creating incentives for the dissemination of the tested & tried approaches and measures.

State of implementation/results

  • Participation in the NDC Partnership Forum in Ulaanbaatar City on 3-4 October 2017.
  • First introductory training of policy makers of Bhutan, Mongolia and Nepal to the 'Sustainability Assessment of Technologies' (SAT) Methodology in Bangkok, November 2017.
  • Workshop ‘’Strengthening Capacity of policymakers to reduce GHGs and SLCPs from the waste sector’’ in December 2017.
  • First Global Recycling Day organised in March 2018.
  • In June 2018 three gender mainstreaming missions were carried out, report on Gender and Waste Assessment in Bhutan, Nepal and Mongolia is finalized, Gender and waste awareness workshops will be held in the three countries at the end of April, the report was launched at the World ISWA Congress (ISWA is International Solid Waste Association) in Bilbao in Oct 2019.
  • Nationwide education and outreach activity in all twenty dstricts of Bhutan and the major cities were carried out on 05.06.2018.
  • First Stakeholder consultation on Nat. waste Management Strategy was convened on 11.10.2018 in Thimphu.
  • Video on Waste management has been translated into Bhutan local language and will be broadcasted periodically.
  • Final draft of Waste composition study in Ulaanbaatar City, Mongolia, completed in November 2018.
  • On the 1st National Workshop the Project was launched on 14.06.2018 and the findings of Nat. Baseline assessment were shared in Nepal.
  • Draft of Nat. strategy on Integrated Waste Management of Nepal is finalized.
  • Second Global Recycling Day (18 March) were organized in Mongolia and Nepal, in Mongolia, various events took place, among others, on composting; In Nepal, students were sensitized on recycling by painting competitions and handycraft courses.
  • In December 2018 and March 2019, stakeholder consultations were held to finalize the "National Waste Management Strategy" and the "Thimphu District Strategy and Action Plan" in Bhutan.
  • A bill to introduce the concept of Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) will be developed with the Mongolian partners.
  • The project has developed a first draft waste data repository in Nepal, which allows access to relevant and up-to-date waste management data in real time.

Further Links

Project data

Bhutan, Mongolia, Nepal

Implementing organisation:
United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment)

Partner institution(s):
  • " Ministry of Environment , Green Development and Tourism - Mongolia", Ministry of Environment - Nepal, National Environment Commission - Bhutan
  • Leadership for Environment & Development Nepal (LEAD) - Nepal,The Asia Foundation – Mongolia,World Wildlife Fund (WWF) - Bhutan

BMU grant:
2.000.000,00 €

06/2017  till  12/2021



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