Strengthening the capacity of the waste sectors in Bhutan, Mongolia and Nepal by means of a circular economy concept aimed at reducing greenhouse gases (GHGs) and short-lived climate pollutants (SLCPs) - Internationale Climate Initiative (IKI)
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Strengthening the capacity of the waste sectors in Bhutan, Mongolia and Nepal by means of a circular economy concept aimed at reducing greenhouse gases (GHGs) and short-lived climate pollutants (SLCPs)

As of: December 2021

Bhutan, Mongolia and Nepal have great potential regarding the reduction of greenhouse gases and short-lived climate change pollutants (SLCPs) emissions generated by the waste sector. The project supports the partner countries at national and local levels by creating political, financial and technical framework conditions for the establishment of environmentally sound technologies. In this way, it contributes to technical and institutional capacity building, and to the implementation of national mitigation targets. For example, this means that technologies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and short-lived climate pollutants are identified in the waste sector and project proposals prepared for the development of these technologies. This knowledge is also used to adapt the legal basis. Project reports, experiences and case studies from the project are published, creating incentives for the dissemination of the tested & tried approaches and measures.

State of implementation/results

  • Global:
    • The project launched the report titled Gender and Waste Nexus at the International Solid Waste Association (ISWA) Global congress in October 2019. The report is one of the first of its kind to analyse the relationship between gender and waste through detailed country analyses.
    • The project published a series of five videos launched on the 2020 International women’s day. These are based on gender mainstreaming workshops and interviews with women and men from Mongolia, Bhutan, and Nepal, and involve a wide range of stakeholders
  • Bhutan:
    • The final draft of the blueprint of the waste flagship program is now available and under process of getting formal endorsement.
    • The project team in cooperation with Thimphu city has developed the District Waste Management Plan to aid the overall waste management process both within and outside the city perimeter including an awareness and communication plan. --The project is developing together with National Statistics Bureau (NSB) a detailed waste quantification study. A survey was conducted from November to December of 2019 and the results published in 2020.
    • The project facilitated the development of a pilot project, which explores establishing end-to-end solutions for sustainable waste management and intends to provide an innovative partnership along the supply chain of organic waste to compost plants to market.
    • The project successfully conducted the training on green financing and waste management virtually for private sectors and key agencies. The virtual training also included the local media who were exposed to the concepts of waste, waste management and to the project and national waste flagship program.
  • Mongolia:
    • The project provided support to the Ulaanbaatar City to develop a comprehensive citywide regulation on waste management. The regulation was successfully approved by the City Parliament on February 20, 2020 and has become effective throughout the city.
    • The project supported the improvement of the current waste database. Uses of E-forms allow generating more accurate and up-to-date data on both municipal and hazardous waste. --The project took an active part in the NDC development process and supported the Ministry of Environment and Tourism to define the GHG emission projections for the waste sector and determined the aggregated sector contribution to the updated NDC document. The official publication of the document was released in September 2020 in Mongolian language. The English translation will be available soon.
    • The project developed in consultation with the Ministry of Environment and Tourism within a pilot project the design and blueprint of local prototypes of Environmental and Sound Technologies for small to medium scale food waste recycling. The technology set up is expected to be completed in the last quarter of 2020.
    • A Dialogue on Opportunities and Challenges for Financing Green Technologies for Waste was organized online in May 2020 in Ulaanbaatar City. As of May 30, all 3 LIVE panel discussions had more than 16,000 views on social media.
  • Nepal:
    • The project supported the Birendranagar Municipality to develop a strategy and action plan on integrated waste management and to implement a demonstration project.
    • A comprehensive analyses report using the Solid Waste Emissions Estimation Tool (SWEET) was completed for five municipalities. The data contributed to the formulation of a 15-year national and city level implementation plan and allows estimating the greenhouse gas and short lived climate pollutants (SLCP) reduction with improved waste management practices

Further Links

Project data

Bhutan, Nepal

Implementing organisation:
United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment) - International Environmental Technology Centre (IETC)

Political partner(s):
  • Ministry of Environment - Nepal
  • Ministry of Environment and Tourism – Mongolia
  • National Environment Commission - Bhutan

Implementing partner(s):
  • Leadership for Environment & Development Nepal (LEAD) - Nepal
  • The Asia Foundation – Mongolia
  • World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) - Bhutan

BMU grant:
2.000.000,00 €

06/2017  till  12/2022



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