Solar panels in desert

Energy Transition

The production and consumption of energy is responsible for two-thirds of the global greenhouse gas emissions. This makes the development of a sustainable energy sector crucial in order to effectively mitigate climate change.

The German Federal Ministry for the Environment (BMUB) supports with its International Climate Initiative (IKI) the expansion of renewable energy and energy efficiency measures. IKI projects work hand in hand with public and private stakeholders to create an enabling policy and market environment. This includes sustainable energy roadmaps, favorable regulatory frameworks, and capacity development. Technology transfer for renewable energies is another part of Germany's international engagement.

Energy Transition

  • Solar panels
  • Group picture behind solar panels
  • Solar panels
  • Solar panels in desert
  • Palm tree fruit
  • Pipes on crop field
  • Wind turbines
  • Tree with fruits
  • Solar panels
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    Transforming the Energy Sector on Islands

    The German Government is advocating that the rise in the average global temperature be limited to a maximum of 2° C above the pre-industrial level. To achieve this goal, all countries will have to significantly reduce their greenhouse gas emissions and develop a sustainable low-carbon economy. That requires worldwide access to technologies and know-how and an appropriate policy environment. For that reason, the German Government not only focuses on climate change mitigation at home, but also closely works together with emerging and developing countries, playing an active role there.

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    Supporting Decentralised Solar Power in Brazil

    The majority of Brazil's energy supply is generated in large hydropower plants. In the past years, however, water reservoirs have experienced historically low levels. The subsequent energy bottlenecks are being compensated by natural gas and diesel powered plants which raise electricity bills by 20%. At the same time, the Brazilian middle class has grown substantially and so does its need for energy. In transitioning towards a low-carbon and climate resilient development the Brazilian government intends to increase the share of renewables - beyond hydropower - in its electricity generation mix to 20% by 2030, as announced in the Brazilian-German Joint Statement on Climate Change of August 2015.

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    Renewable Energy Capacity Building

    The International Climate Initiative (IKI) assists partner countries in switching to a sustainable, low-carbon economy. IKI partners receive support in the form of knowledge transfer, technology cooperation, policy advice and investment measures, enabling them to develop and implement appropriate methods and instruments that can be used to advance transformational processes. Some of the IKI projects focus on capacity development in partner countries. These projects often combine knowhow transfer, training of local staff and preparation of studies and concepts. This approach ensures long-term and sustainable results by strengthening the strategic capacity of partner institutions and organisations.

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    Promoting Solar Energy in Chile

    Chile has abundant renewable energy (RE) resources such as wind, solar, biogas, small hydro and geothermal. In recent years, the costs of relevant technologies have experienced a significant decline. Amidst this scenario, Chile has the potential to generate a substantial share of energy through RE, to develop the sector sustainably without affecting international competitiveness. To date, the energy sector (including transport) has represented the main source of CO2 emissions. However, Chile has taken a proactive role in mitigating greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) with a formal commitment to the Copenhagen Accord to achieve a 20% reduction below the current emissions scenario by 2020.

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    Energetic Use of Palm Oil Residues in Indonesia and Thailand

    One of the key measures for climate change mitigation is the energetic use of biomass. According to the International Energy Agency (IEA) the share of bioenergy in global primary energy supply could sustainably increase from currently 10% to 33% in 2050. Vast resources in agricultural residues make Southeast Asia one of the most important regions to tap unharnessed bioenergy potentials. In palm oil mills (POMs) almost 70% of fresh fruit bunches are turned into waste in shape of empty fruit bunches (EFBs), fibres and shells as well as liquid affluent. By using innovative waste-to-energy technologies these resources can be transformed into electricity and heat or bio-refineries, while capturing methane, an very harmful greenhouse gas (GHG).

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    Promotion of Bioenergy and Biogas in Turkey

    One of the key tools for climate change mitigation is the energetic use of biogas. Biogas is usually produced in a decentralised manner and is constantly available by using sewage and waste products such as agricultural waste. Biogas replaces fossil gas, leading to a reduction of greenhouse gas emissions as well as pollution in the affected regions. The International Climate Initiative (IKI) of the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) has been supporting biogas projects inter alia in Russia, Turkey, Ukraine and Vietnam. In the context of these projects partner organizations and companies are advised and trained to enable them to plan and initiate future bioenergy projects.

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    Jeffrey's Bay Wind Farm in Eastern Cape Province

    Renewable energy (RE) and energy efficiency (EE) have been an important part of the International Climate Initiative (IKI) of the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) since its beginning in 2008. Overall, the IKI supports more than 100 RE and EE projects with a volume of more than EUR 360 million. In terms of renewable energy technologies, the IKI has focused on solar thermal, photovoltaic (PV), concentrated solar power (CSP) and bioenergy.

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    Renewable Energy Resources for the Galápagos Islands

    The Galápagos Islands are an ecosystem of global significance. Since 1959, the archipelago has been a national park protected by the government of Ecuador. In 1979, UNESCO declared the islands World Natural Heritage. With a population estimated at some 30,000 on the archipelago 's four inhabited islands, the 200,000 tourists who visit the islands each year are the most important source of income. So far, diesel generators using fuel transported to the island by sea, form the basis for electricity generation. As a result the Galápagos Islands have repeatedly suffered from tanker accidents and oil spills.

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    Supporting innovative technologies within the International Climate Initiative (IKI): Concentrated Solar Power (CSP)

    Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) is an innovative technology for countries with appropriate solar conditions to decarbonise their economic development. Through the International Climate Initiative (IKI), the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) funds eight projects supporting CSP technologies in partner countries around the world and committed more than EUR 81 million for technical and financial support.

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Film archive on renewable energies

  • painting of figures in a dirty landscape
  • solar panel
  • parabolic mirror
  • wind turbines
  • palm leaves
  • group of black children
  • wind turbines
  • Time for decisions now

    The impacts of climate change destroy people's livelihoods and homes. They damage our infrastructure and disrupt communication and trade. Moreover, climate change is endangering development successes and the poor and marginalized are often affected the most.

  • Solar roofs in Mexico

    The inhabitants of Heroes der Tecamac in Mexico City are taking action to protect the climate. To heat their water they don't use natural gas, instead they turn to solar energy.

  • India - Bright future for solar power

    Tucked away in the North Indian state of Rajasthan, a giant and unusual solar park is coming up at the base of Mount Abu, a Hindu pilgrimage site.

  • Embracing wind power in Morocco

    With its plentiful sunshine and frequent winds, Morocco boasts ideal conditions for a flourishing renewable energy industry - as illustrated by the success of a wind park in Tanger that is still growing.

  • Palm oil in Thailand

    The stinking lagoons behind the small palm oil mill near Krabi pose a major threat to the climate. They release methane, a highly toxic greenhouse gas which contaminates the ground water in the area and pollutes the air.

  • 1,000 solar roofs in Brazil

    Solar power is still rarely used in Brazil, despite ideal climate conditions and rising gas and electricity costs. But a new residential complex with solar-thermal water heating is under construction in Rio de Janeiro.

  • Green energy in Chile

    Chile has plenty of renewable energy potential. But so far that potential remains untapped. With 13 major rivers, plenty of sun in the north of the country and more than 4,000 kilometers (2,485 miles) of breezy Pacific coast, the South American nation of Chile has plenty of renewable energy potential.



Renewable energy IKI projects

Green dot = number of projects in the region.

Further key areas

  • Conference area of COP22
  • Houses at water front
  • Text on poster
  • Climate and Biodiversity Policy Support

    Germany assists partner countries in increasing their capacity to adapt to the effects of climate change and to switch to a sustainable, low-carbon economy. IKI partners receive support in the form of knowledge transfer, technology cooperation, policy advice and investment measures, enabling them to develop and implement appropriate methods and instruments that can be used to advance adaptation and transformation processes.

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  • Sustainable Cities

    Today, more than half of the global population lives in cities, with rising tendency. Especially metropolitan areas in emerging and developing countries are estimated to emit around 70% of global energy-related greenhouse gas emissions in the near future. Therefore, effective climate protection can only succeed with the involvement of cities as partners.

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  • Climate Finance

    Mitigation measures, the preservation of natural carbon sinks, adaptation to the impacts of climate change and measures to conserve biodiversity all require financial resources. Germany is reliably fulfilling these commitments by financing numerous international climate activities.

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