report | 12/2017

Chewing over consumption-based carbon emissions accounting

Conventional thinking about mitigating climate change is based on strategies to lower carbon emissions arising from production. By exploring the role that increasing consumption plays in driving carbon emissions, consumption-based carbon emissions accounting might provide us with new insights into challenges to and opportunities for driving the shift to a low-carbon economy. Sustainable consumption together with sustainable production patterns are integral to the 2030 global agenda for sustainable development, specifically to Sustainable Development Goal 12. Many countries are already undertaking research into consumption-based carbon emissions, the approach might be particularly useful at a local government level and for businesses, especially along their product supply chain.