In the area of 'Conserving biological diversity', the International Climate Initiative (IKI) supports partner countries to implement the targets of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 (Aichi Targets) of the international Convention on Biological Diversity. IKI projects often address challenges that involve not only the issues of conservation and sustainability, but also climate change mitigation and adaptation to the impacts of climate change. In addition, fostering biological diversity plays a key role in IKI projects on ecosystem-based adaptation and natural carbon sinks.
The Federal Ministry for the Environment (BMUB) is financing biological diversity projects that directly implement measures for the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of ecosystems and critical habitats. IKI projects can also make an indirect contribution by building and consolidating the capacities of governments and civil society to implement the Aichi Targets. Furthermore, support is provided for investment-related measures, policy advisory services, technology transfer and research partnerships. IKI projects provide particular support in developing and implementing national biodiversity strategies and action plans (NBSAPs). Priority is also given to measures related to the CBD Programme of Work on Protected Areas (PoWPA) and cooperation with local and indigenous communities in order to conserve and restore ecosystems. IKI projects also help enhance the knowledge and capacities of the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES).