Conserving biological diversity

Video: The funding area "Conserving biological diversity" in a nutshell

In the funding area "Conserving biological diversity", the International Climate Initiative (IKI) supports partner countries to implement the targets of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 (Aichi Targets) of the International Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). IKI projects often deal with challenges that, in addition to preserving and sustaining the use of biodiversity, also address climate change or adaptation to the impacts of climate change and develop comprehensive solutions. Conversely, the conservation of biological diversity also plays a key role in IKI projects on ecosystem-based adaptation and natural carbon sinks.

In the funding area of "Conserving biological diversity", the Federal Ministry for the Environment (BMUB), on the one hand, finances projects that directly implement measures to conserve, restore and sustain the use of nature reserves and ecosystems. On the other hand, IKI projects can also make an indirect contribution by building and strengthening the capacity of governments and civil society to implement the Aichi targets. Furthermore, support is provided for investment-related measures, policy advisory services, technology transfer and research partnerships. In particular, IKI projects support the development and implementation of national biodiversity strategies and action plans (NBSAPs). Priority is also given to measures related to the CBD Programme of Work on Protected Areas (PoWPA) and cooperation with local and indigenous communities in order to conserve and restore ecosystems. In addition, IKI projects contribute to the development of the know-how and capacities of the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES). As the threat to biodiversity often originates in other sectors, the 13th Conference of the Parties of the CBD 2016 in Mexico focused on "mainstreaming". Accordingly, the topic has also found its place in the selection and promotion of IKI projects. The theme of biodiversity is as well becoming increasingly important in cities. In the area of biodiversity, more than 50 projects were approved by the end of 2017.

Mechanisms for planning and managing biological diversity

The enormous financing void in biodiversity conservation is a central theme in international negotiations. However, most countries lack reliable surveys on which financial resources are needed to effectively implement the goals of the strategic plan of the CBD, where these funds can be raised and how they can be effectively used to meet their specific needs. Together with the EU Commission and Switzerland, the IKI supports the UNDP’s Biodiversity Finance Initiative (BIOFIN) and 30 partner countries in creating national needs analyses as well as national financing strategies to implement the strategic plan.

National biodiversity strategies and action plans (NBSAPs) are the main instrument used to implement CBD targets at national level. All Parties should develop and implement such strategies or similar instruments and incorporate these into planning processes for all sectors that could have an impact on the conservation of biological diversity. A key challenge in this is systematically taking account of the consequences of development measures implemented by various ministries for conserving biological diversity and ecosystem services in the respective planning processes. The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB) initiative can provide decision-making support. Initiated by BMU and the European Commission under the auspices of the United Nations Environment Programme, TEEB published a study in 2009 demonstrating the monetary value of ecosystems and biological diversity. In preparing this study, numerous experts from around the world compared the costs incurred from losses in biological diversity and ecosystem services with the costs of protecting and sustainably using them. TEEB points out way in which political, social and private-sector decision-makers can recognise and illustrate the value of ecosystems and incorporate this into their decisions.

More information on TEEB (external)

The IKI is supporting projects which engage in partner countries by providing targeted advisory services on structuring and implementing NBSAPs, prepare national and regional TEEB studies and build the necessary technological and institutional capacities. Among other things, these projects offer training, develop studies and organise dialogue platforms. Furthermore, project partners establish national financing strategies, identify causes of biological diversity loss and create positive economic incentives for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity. For example, they are testing payments for ecosystem services (PES) schemes, establishing value chains and creating alternative and sustainable sources of income for local communities.

Selected projects:

Protected areas and ecosystem services

With their Programme of Work on Protected Areas, the 193 Parties to the CBD established the target of protecting at least 17 per cent of land area and inland waters as well as 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas by 2020, especially highly biodiverse areas and those providing important ecosystem services. To this end, effectively managed, ecologically representative and well-connected protected area networks should be developed. The CBD's LifeWeb initiative, which has now expired, has enabled states to report their need for additional support to improve national or cross-border protection area systems or individual areas. A wealth of Expressions of Interest have been matched with and implemented by IKI projects.

Together with local and indigenous communities, IKI projects are developing strategies for protecting and sustainably using the ecosystems and biological resources essential to their livelihoods. They also support their partners in establishing, expanding, consolidating and effectively managing protected areas and restoring damaged habitats. With regard to protected areas, high priority is placed on marine protection, especially in identifying ecologically or biologically significant areas (EBSAs). The goal is to promote the expansion of marine protected areas around the world. The Ecosystem Restoration Concessions (ERC) in Indonesia, which has been supported by IKI since 2009, is another innovative and constantly evolving instrument.

Selected projects: