Financing global biodiversity conservation

The 193 parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) set themselves the target of taking the necessary measures to halt the loss of biodiversity by 2020. To this end, they adopted the Strategic Plan 2011-2020, which establishes the framework for an ambitious and comprehensive global biodiversity policy for the years to come. Implementing this Strategic Plan will not be possible unless all the countries involved work together in a concerted effort. At the 11th meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the CBD in 2012 in Hyderabad, India, the signatories to the Convention agreed on how to finance the plan's implementation: by 2015, international funding will be doubled compared to the average level of funding provided between 2006 and 2010 and this level will be maintained until at least 2020.

At the 2008 meeting of the Conference of the Parties in Bonn, Federal Chancellor Angela Merkel pledged that Germany would provide a further 500 million euros for international protection of forests and other ecosystems between 2009 and 2012, in addition to its existing expenditure in this field. From 2013 onwards, half a billion euros per year are earmarked for this purpose. The German government has so far fulfilled these commitments entirely. The funds made available for international biodiversity conservation have been more than doubled since 2008 and have also been more than doubled compared to the average of the years 2006–2010. Germany has thus already met the financing target agreed in Hyderabad in 2012.

The majority of the funds are provided from the budget of the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ). In 2008, the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) established the International Climate Initiative (IKI) as a further financing instrument for climate and biodiversity efforts, which complements and expands Germany's existing activities. German funds are targeted at projects that support its partner countries in implementing the Strategic Plan 2011-2020. Both ministries also endeavour to integrate biodiversity comprehensively into their international projects and programmes in other sectors. For example, one of the International Climate Initiative's main aims is to harness synergies between climate change mitigation, adaptation to the effects of climate change and biodiversity conservation. For that reason, about a third of all IKI climate change mitigation and adaptation projects also make an important contribution to global biodiversity conservation and sustainable use of biological resources. From 2008 to August 2014, IKI funded 144 biodiversity-related projects with a total of 520 million euros.