Implementing Nationally Determined Contributions

In December 2015, 197 industrialised, emerging and developing countries committed themselves to action under the Paris Agreement. All the signatories agreed on ambitious NDCs, which will lead to the reduction of global warming to well below 2° C and even below 1.5° C where possible. A new quality standard in international cooperation has thus been achieved and the two-degree ceiling has been confirmed in a treaty under international law for the first time.

With the entry into force of the agreement, the signatories are called upon to implement the proposed climate change mitigation contributions – and these Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) then become NDCs. Above all, they formulate targets for mitigating greenhouse gas (GHG ) emissions and for adapting to climate change. In many countries, adaptation measures have been given high priority due to climate change, the impact of which is already being felt locally. Countries must now further develop the political framework and existing institutions to strategically plan and implement the necessary climate change and adaptation measures. A mechanism has been established to review global ambitions – this will involve the NDCs and take place every five years from 2018 onwards. Afterwards, NDCs will have to be continuously updated and intensified.

Germany has been a pioneer in supporting this process, coordinating, creating and implementing NDCs from the outset. IKI’s projects meet the partner countries’ requirements, which range from policy advice and technical support for emission calculations to monitoring throughout the entire production process. The extremely diverse possibilities and the needs of the countries are also considered. This particularly includes the development of scenarios, country-specific needs analyses, cost estimates and the formulation of specific reduction and adaptation targets in various sectors. Handbooks are produced, webinars organised, and inter-ministerial working groups are advised to identify and involve important stakeholders.

International networking, informal dialogue and exchanges within and between departments and governments are promoted. The IKI was already providing support for regional dialogues between the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) prior to the Paris Agreement. These dialogues helped to achieve a collective understanding of the NDCs and to promote an exchange of experiences in the areas of Low Carbon Development Strategies (LCDS), NAMAs and Measurement, Reporting & Verification (MRV).

Selected projects:

NDC Partnership

The international NDC Partnership (NDCP) was initiated by Morocco and Germany (). It is intended to help developing countries specify and implement their climate change mitigation and adaptation plans. Measures in climate and sustainable development policies will be consolidated, synergies identified, and effective support programmes fine-tuned until they function optimally with one another. The NDCP consists of developing, emerging and industrialised countries, institutional partners and non-governmental organisations (NGOs). Membership is open to all countries. The German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) and the BMUB funded the establishment of a Secretariat in Washington and Bonn to support the development of the Partnership. Both ministries will also focus their climate change projects even more intensively on the implementation of NDCs.

One of the key tasks of the NDCP is to organise rapid access to tailored advice for developing countries. Here the Partnership builds on the knowledge and the work of numerous organisations, initiatives, and platforms. There is also a contact point in the Secretariat where developing countries can obtain advice on specific climate change issues, such as the development of renewable energies, sustainable urban development and climate-resilient agriculture.

NDC Support Cluster

The ‘IKI NDC Support Cluster’ (hereinafter NDC Cluster) was established in the spring of 2016. It is focused on close cooperation between IKI project partners and organisations with special expertise in NDC implementation. The NDC Cluster offers orientation and advice in the areas of capacity building and knowledge management, based on the specific needs of the individual partner countries. Specifically, the aims are to introduce systems that follow up on the achievement of objectives, to seek possible ways of funding NDCs, to identify implementation options in various sectors and to generally strengthen the political and institutional framework conditions for NDC implementation. ‘Front-Runners’ can also give newcomers valuable information on certain work areas.

Partnership on Transparency in the Paris Agreement

The International Partnership for Mitigation and MRV (IPMM) launched by Germany, South Africa and South Korea in 2010 and co-financed by Germany, has been instrumental in bridging the gap between the UNFCCC negotiations and the practical issues involved in technical implementation. In 2015, the Paris Agreement established ‘transparency’ as the mechanism that supports and accompanies the implementation of the NDCs. To meet the new challenges arising from the transparency rules in the Paris Agreement, the IPMM was renamed ‘Partnership on Transparency in the Paris Agreement‘.