report | 12/2017

Chewing over consumption-based carbon emissions accounting

Conventional thinking about mitigating climate change is based on strategies to lower carbon emissions arising from production. By exploring the role that increasing consumption plays in driving carbon emissions, consumption-based carbon emissions accounting might provide us with new insights into challenges to and opportunities for driving the shift to a low-carbon economy. Sustainable consumption together with sustainable production patterns are integral to the 2030 global agenda for sustainable development, specifically to Sustainable Development Goal 12. Many countries are already undertaking research into consumption-based carbon emissions, the approach might be particularly useful at a local government level and for businesses, especially along their product supply chain.

report | 12/2017

Low Carbon Development Frameworks - Transition Realism. The implications of rent-seeking to achieve South Africa’s low-carbon technology ambition

This theoretical paper is designed to support policy makers working on pathways and low emissions development strategies, as well as fostering the academic debate . It provides an additional lens and theoretical framework to existing theories of sustainability transitions that seek to understand how low-carbon transitions can happen in an institutional setting of path dependence. A political economy understanding of transitions is more relevant in the context of developing and emerging economy countries that want to reduce their dependence on fossil fuels and adopt clean-energy technology solutions.

brochure | 12/2017

Cut-and-Paste Legal Regulations for Company Carbon Budgets

This paper contains two illustrative regulations that WWF suggests as a cut-and-paste solution into a legal framework to implement and manage company carbon budgets in South Africa. These illustrative regulations are drafted in a way that they can either be promulgated under the existing National Environment Management Act, or a new standalone climate change law.

briefing | 12/2017

Enabling subnational climate action through multi-level governance

The GIZ VICLIM project, ICLEI (Local Governments for Sustainability) and UN Habitat present joint working paper on lessons learnt and good examples of climate policies that unlock the potential of cities, regions and other subnational actors. These include the experiences of five countries - Colombia, Germany, South Africa, Mexico and Myanmar- in the implementation of instruments, such as federal initiatives for local action, MRV systems, financial mechanisms, and institutional arrangements with a climate governance focus. 

report | 11/2017

South Africa’s 2nd Annual Climate Change Report

South Africa’s 2nd Annual Climate Change Report 2016 is the main output of its climate change monitoring and evaluation system that tracks the country’s transition to a lower carbon and climate resilient economy and society as part of the implementation of its National Climate Change Response Policy.

brochure | 11/2017

Marine Spatial Planning

Marine Spatial Planning (MSP) is a decision-making process that guides where and when human activities occur in the ocean. Making the right activity takes place in the right area helps the ocean economy to grow sustainably - benefiting humans and the environment alike.