Biodiversity and climate protection in the Mata Atlântica (TC module)
As of: November 2019
Objective and activities
The project contributes to biodiversity conservation, reduction of GHG emissions and climate change adaptation in the Mata Atlântica. Areas located in the back country of Rio de Janeiro, in the southern part of the state of Bahia, and in the coastal region between the states of São Paulo and Paraná are protected and interlinked. The project works together with local communities to register small-scale landholders in a rural environmental land registry. It further provides advisory support to state environmental authorities on establishing reference centers to support the restoration of degraded areas. Development scenarios including climate change, its impacts and vulnerability analyses help identify ways in which the sustainable use of ecosystems can contribute to GHG reductions and climate change adaptation. The project disseminates lessons learned which can be incorporated into policy approaches and fed into concrete measures for protecting and restoring the Mata Atlântica.
- Biodiversity and climate protection in the Mata Atlântica
- Forest Conservation Mata Atlântica II
- Conserving the Atlantic Coastal Forests
State of implementation/results
- In the three project regions, climate risks and opportunities in ecosystem-based adaptation strategies were identified by means of participatory processes in areas spanning more than 2.5 million hectares. Ecosystem-based mitigation and adaptation measures were designed for more than 50,000 hectares
- The ecosystem-based adaptation and mitigation (EbA and EbM) approach has been integrated into national and regional policies and spatial planning instruments. For example, climate risks were modeled for the Mata Atlântica biome, EbA and EbM measures were developed in the project areas, and the 10 community protection plans were regionally integrated.
- The project provided consultation to the Brazilian Ministry of Environment (MMA) in the area of EbA on the establishment of the following regulations: National Plan for Adaptation to Climate Change (PNA), National Plan for the Restoration of Natural Vegetation (PLANAVEG), New Forest Act (Código Florestal), National Biodiversity Policy (PNB), Biodiversity Action Plan (EPANB) and the Program for Financing of Recovery Projects through Fines (Programa de Conversão de Multas Ambientais).
- An ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA) capacity-building strategy has been developed focusing on the following: Training of Trainer (ToT) process with already more than 220 participants, including the training of 46 multipliers, institutionalization of the EbA approach in several training institutions in Brazil and the dissemination and application of the MARISCO method (adaptive management of vulnerability and RISk at COnservation sites).
- Learning experiences of the project are continuously fed into national and international knowledge networks, for example: - Contributions to the knowledge platform PANORAMA-Solutions (GIZ and IUCN) for the integration of vulnerability and EbA in community planning (panorama.solutions/…) - Provision of didactic materials and an online course as part of the capacity development strategy. It will be published in early 2019 on the website of the Brazilian Ministry of the Environment MMA. - The biophysical climate change products are available for viewing and download on the MMA website (www.mma.gov.br/…).
- Furthermore, the results have been presented by senior representatives at various national and international events, e.g. during the presentation of the Brazilian iNDCs in Paris 2015.
- Among other publications, a new edition of the Mata Atlântica Yearbook has been published (www.mma.gov.br/…).