Biodiversity and climate protection in the Mata Atlântica (TC module)
As of: December 2019
Objective and activities
The project contributes to biodiversity conservation, reduction of GHG emissions and climate change adaptation in the Mata Atlântica. Areas located in the back country of Rio de Janeiro, in the southern part of the state of Bahia, and in the coastal region between the states of São Paulo and Paraná are protected and interlinked. The project works together with local communities to register small-scale landholders in a rural environmental land registry. It further provides advisory support to state environmental authorities on establishing reference centers to support the restoration of degraded areas. Development scenarios including climate change, its impacts and vulnerability analyses help identify ways in which the sustainable use of ecosystems can contribute to GHG reductions and climate change adaptation. The project disseminates lessons learned which can be incorporated into policy approaches and fed into concrete measures for protecting and restoring the Mata Atlântica.
- Biodiversity and climate protection in the Mata Atlântica
- Forest Conservation Mata Atlântica II
- Conserving the Atlantic Coastal Forests
State of implementation/results
- In the three project regions, climate risks and opportunities in ecosystem-based adaptation strategies were identified by means of participatory processes in areas spanning more than 2.5 million hectares. Ecosystem-based mitigation and adaptation measures were designed for more than 210,000 hectares (www.mma.gov.br/…).
- A strategy to promote capacities on ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA) has been developed, including training of trainers (ToT) and institutionalization of the EbA approach in several Brazilian education and training institutions (www.mma.gov.br/…).
- The ecosystem-based adaptation approach has been integrated into national and regional policies (e.g. the National Adaptation Plan (NAP) and spatial planning instruments. Climate risks for the Mata Atlântica biome were modeled. – Furthermore the project provided consultation to the Brazilian Ministry of Environment (MMA) on the preparation of the following regulations with reagrds to EbA: National Plan for Adaptation to Climate Change (PNA), National Plan for the Restoration of Natural Vegetation (PLANAVEG), New Forest Act (Código Florestal), National Biodiversity Policy (PNB), Biodiversity Action Plan (EPANB) and the Program for Financing of Recovery Projects through Fines (Programa de Conversão de Multas Ambientais).
- In 2018 a new phase for the integration of EbA into spatial planning instruments began. GIZ advises on the integration of EbA into further 11 management plans for protected areas and into further 22 community conservation plans for the Mata Atlântica, financed by KfW. For the latter, working groups at community level are being mobilized and trained in Paraná and analysis of the state of the Mata Atlântica are already being implemented in Rio de Janeiro.
- At the same time, GIZ is advising on the implementation of first EbA measures financed by the financial cooperation and which are foreseen in planning instruments for protected areas and municipalities. These include agroforestry systems and the sustainable use of naturally occurring bryophytes (mosses) in the state of São Paulo as well as the restoration of natural forests in an ecological corridor in the state of Bahia. – Learning experiences and results of the project were processed and documented and are available on the MMA homepage together with didactic material on EbA (www.mma.gov.br/…ântica_emdesenvolvimento/projeto-biodiversidade-e-mudanças-climáticas-na-mata-atlântica).
- Learning experiences of the project are continuously fed into national and international knowledge networks, for example: - Contributions to the knowledge platform PANORAMA-Solutions (GIZ and IUCN) for the integration of vulnerability and EbA in community planning (panorama.solutions/…) as well as in management plans of protected areas (panorama.solutions/…).
- Recommendations and training materials on EbA and Mata Atlântica community conservation plans developed by the project are used to strengthen capacities at local level.