Operationalising National Safeguard Requirements for Results-based Payments from REDD+
As of: November 2019
Objective and activities
The Warsaw Framework for REDD+ provides sufficient technical guidance for developing countries to proceed with some confidence towards Phase II of demonstration activities and on-going readiness for results-based payments. The Framework includes decisions on safeguards and financing, notably that developing countries should operationalise the UNFCCC REDD+ safeguards and provide information on how they have been addressed and respected before they can receive results-based payments. This project aims to assist regional leaders in REDD+ readiness, with good prospects of near-term financing, meet multiple safeguard requirements and be eligible for results-based payments. This will be achieved at the national level through facilitating country-led approaches for operationalising safeguards and developing safeguard information systems, and at the subnational level through mainstreaming of safeguards into low-emissions development planning and demonstrating participatory forest monitoring.
- Exploring mechanisms to promote High Biodiversity REDD: Piloting in Viet Nam
State of implementation/results
- Project finished in December 2018
- Almost all project activities were completed in all three countries with some significant outcomes achieved by the end of the project as described below for the three countries. A proposal for a costed extension of 12 months has been submitted with the intention to focus on piloting the operationalisation of the country safeguards frameworks (including SIS) at sub-national levels in Ghana and Vietnam. This would provide an important opportunity to test the implementation, monitoring and reporting for the REDD+ safeguards systems designed and developed during the main implementation phase at key REDD+ sites in the two countries.
- Vietnam is the first country in the Asia-Pacific region to complete the Warsaw Framework for REDD+ after fulfilling all the UNFCCC requirements. The country is now eligible for results-based payments from REDD+ and the project has made a significant contribution towards assisting Vietnam in meeting the requirements of the ‘safeguards pillar’ of the Warsaw Framework.
- Vietnam's web-based SIS was approved by MARD Decision in December 2018. The SIS information parameters and structure evolved from project-supported efforts in defining VNM’s interpretation of the UNFCCC REDD+ (Cancun) safeguards principles.
- Vietnam's first SoI on REDD+ safeguards was submitted to the UNFCCC in January 2019. The SoI describes the processes leading to the elaboration of the country's approach to REDD+ safeguards, many of the activities were led by SNV with funding support from IKI under this project as well as the previous MB-REDD project.
- The SoI was compiled in collaboration with UN-REDD and outlines the country’s REDD+ safeguard framework and directly uses the contents of legal analyses, other assessments and consultation processes supported by the project and IKI.
- In Ghana, the SIS design document and template for information gathering was finalized and submitted to the National REDD+ Secretariat (NRS) (March, 2019): A detailed SIS design document that outlines the goals and scope of Ghana's SIS, as well as its institutional arrangements and any specific administrative steps that are needed to ensure how information can be gathered with a template has been prepared and submitted to the NRS.
- The SoI was finalized and submitted to NRS. Following extensive consultations, the draft SoI has been revised and submitted to the NRS for onward submission to UNFCCC through Ghana’s UNFCCC Focal Point (Environmental Protection Agency). The SoI has gone through extensive consultations through the Safeguards Working Group (SWG).
- REDD+ Social and Environmental Principles, Criteria and Indicators (PCIs) were developed. The SWG, in collaboration with selected technical experts developed comprehensive PCIs for monitoring and reporting on REDD+ policies and measures from national and subnational level. The PCIs were developed based on the clarifications and interpretation of the Cancun safeguards and the World Bank Operational Policies.
- Consultations on the Hotspot Intervention Area Management Plan (HIAMP) for Bia-Juabeso. A draft HIAMP has been prepared taken through various stakeholder consultations and reviews. A major consultation meeting was held in December 2018 in Kumasi. Further work is required to improve the HIAMP before approval. It is hoped to complete this during the proposed extension.
- Capacity-building of stakeholders in subnational low emission development planning processes: As part of the management reviews process, 60 relevant stakeholders at the national and subnational level operating in the Juabeso/Bia HIA were trained in subnational REDD+ management/action planning in 2018. The training was based on experiences from Vietnam’s provincial REDD+ action planning process. The training helped participants to better understand REDD+ subnational action plans development and implementation. This has equipped many of the participants to make constructive inputs into the HIAMP reviews process.
- A draft guide on Participatory Forest Monitoring, including social and environmental monitoring (REDD+ Safeguards) has been developed to facilitate monitoring of key parameters within the scope of community resource management areas in the Juabeso-Bia Landscape under Ghana’s ERP.
- In Peru, a South-South Learning Event on REDD+ Safeguards was held in order to assist Peru in developing its country approach to REDD+ safeguards. Experienced staff from Mexico’s National Forestry Commission (CONAFOR) travelled to Lima in November 2018 to deliver training to Peruvian counterparts at national and regional levels. The training was well-received and very helpful for Peru to learn from another Latin American country how to develop REDD+ safeguards systems.
- An initial SIS design document was drafted with support from the project by December 2018. The document provides an outline of key information needs aligned with the clarification and sources, but considerable work remains to be done prior to a formal establishment of the SIS.
- The draft SoI was completed in December 2018. Drafting inputs have been supported by the IKI project. A primary task was to agree on the SoI contents. MINAM drafted the SoI text describing the activities and processes relating to country safeguards framework and SIS development summarised in this document and drawing on the contents of the key assessments (e.g. Safeguards Roadmap, legal analyses, environmental and social co-benefit and risk assessment etc.).
- Regional consultations on the interpretation of the UNFCCC principles and Peru’s first SoI held throughout 2018. Several events supported by the project during October-December 2018. The PFM guidelines were finalised in December 2018. --