Advancing from Mitigation Ambition to Action (A2A) - 16_I_268 - 979 - Internationale Climate Initiative (IKI)

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Advancing from Mitigation Ambition to Action (A2A)

As of: August 2019

Objective and activities

Following the Paris Agreement, the challenge for many countries will be to translate their mitigation ambition into effective domestic action. The project offers analytical support to accelerate the continued development and implementation of the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), primarily through the articulation of the social, economic, and environmental benefits of mitigation. The project will build on existing plans to develop a sector implementation roadmap that will support sector-level planning, engage a range of stakeholders, and increase the feasibility of ambitious sector mitigation pathways in support of NDC implementation. Beyond country support, the project will provide a platform for international dialogue and knowledge exchange on the state of play of NDC implementation, and on key topics and issues related to increasing NDC ambition and accelerating implementation.

State of implementation/results


  • May 2017, November 2017, May 2018 and December 2018: Biannual ‘NDC Update Report’ (…) published in parallel to United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Negotiations in cooperation with members of the IKI NDC Support Cluster (

  • May 2019: Two research papers to be published on the topics of: 1) NDC Fitness Framework; and 2) the benefits of NDC implementation.

Development of impact assessment tools:

  • A tool (the SDG Climate Action Nexus tool (SCAN-tool)) and research paper on NDC-SDG linkages have been published and are available to download from the project website.

  • The “Employment Impact Model” to quantify impacts of NDC implementation on jobs has been finalised to be published shortly.

  • 2018/19: Developing the so-called ‘NDC Fitness Framework’, a framework to assess ease of sector level NDC implementation, within the Working Group on Sectoral Approaches of the NDC Cluster.


  • May 2018: Stakeholder workshop on climate policy, integration of RE and consequences for system planning, including the release of two briefing papers on central questions raised during the workshop.

  • Finalisation of the “Employment Impact Model” and presentation to relevant stakeholders.

  • November 2018: Application of the model to the ‘Plataforma Escenarios’ (an initiative and dialogue space which brings together key public and private sector stakeholders to develop and discuss long term scenarios for the energy sector) process and report to be published and publicly presented.

  • October 2018: Stakeholder workshop and training on the integration of the ‘Employment Impact Model’ to long-term energy sector planning in the Ministry of Energy.

  • October 2018: In the framework of the ‘Energy Transition Exhibition’ in Buenos Aires, carried out two events linked to a) scenarios, long-term pathways, and climate compatibility; and b) integration of renewable energy into the power grid.

  • Development of long-term pathways for the energy sector initiated.


  • Since April 2018: Working with the Energy Directorate of the Ministry of Development Planning (BAPPENAS) on various topics related to NDC implementation in the power sector.

  • July 2018: Workshop held in Jakarta including a presentation on ‘Linking SDGs and NDCs’.

  • November 2018: Workshop held and policy brief developed entitled ‘Power sector NDC-alignment - alignment between Indonesia’s first NDC and developments in the power sector’.

  • December 2018: Workshop held and policy brief developed entitled ‘Grid integration in Indonesia - contribution of variable renewable power sources to energy and climate targets’.


  • A chapter on implications of electricity sector scenarios for national climate change objectives has been included in the recent ‘Least cost power development plan’ (LCPDP 2017-2037) developed by Energy Regulatory Commission (ERC), including emissions calculations for different scenarios.

  • July 2018: A stakeholder workshop on the ‘Employment Impact Model’ and emissions pathways in the electricity sector has been carried out at ERC.

  • Starting to work with the engineering company Lahmeyer International to support modifications of the power planning tool used by ERC (LIPS OP/XP) to account for emissions and employment impacts in future planning cycles, including a training for the ERC planning team on how to use the modified tool (planned for early 2019).

  • Starting to work with ERC (as official host) on a technology focus study, looking at geothermal and coal technologies, including a specific benefits assessment.

  • November 2018: Official kick-off workshop for the geothermal vs. coal study and a data validation workshop for preliminary benefits assessment in the framework of this study.


  • Since February 2018: Support for the Thai Government (Office of Natural Resource and Environmental Policy and Planning (ONEP) and Energy Policy and Planning Office (EPPO)) to develop an NDC Action Plan for the energy sector.

  • Two pieces of supporting research commissioned to provide recommendations for potential new policies on energy efficiency and renewable energy and discussed with relevant government agencies at a workshop in Bangkok in July 2018.

  • September 2018: Presented analysis and recommendations on the NDC Action Plan; the Thai Government plans to use these as inputs as they revise their energy sector plans.

Project data

Argentina, Indonesia, Kenya, Thailand

Implementing organisation:
TNO Netherlands Organisation for applied scientific research - Netherlands

Partner institution(s):
  • Ministry of Environment, Water and Natural Resources (MEW&NR) - Kenya
  • Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development - Argentina
  • Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy and Planning - ONEP - Thailand
  • State Ministry of National Development Planning (BAPPENAS) - Indonesia
  • NewClimate Institute

BMU grant:
€ 3,936,067

11/2016 till 12/2019