Biodiversity and Climate Change
As of: January 2020
Objective and activities
The aim of the project was to conserve selected forest ecosystems on Sumatra alongside with their biodiversity and the carbon stored in them. The project compiled baseline data in order to select high conservation value areas together with relevant stakeholders and developed concepts for their protection and sustainable use. For example, the project collected information on the biological diversity and took measurements of the avoided deforestation as well as forest degradation. Developing alternative income opportunities for people living within the protected areas was an important element. The project strenthened the capacities of local institutions and village communities to plan and implement collaborative protection and management strategies. In addition management capacities of relevant authorities were strengthened, including those for the measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) of local contributions to the national greenhouse gas emission reduction targets.
State of implementation/results
- Project completed
- The project improved data knowledge and management, capacities, official decision-making and planning processes and the income situation of individual villages at the local and provincial level.
- Two sustainable conservation and management concepts for selected forest ecosystems in the intervention areas of the project were adopted by the competent authorities with the participation of relevant stakeholders: a biodiversity strategy and a biodiversity action plan for South Sumatra.
- Through an adapted, participatory measurement, data management, reporting and review system, a sustainable ecosystem-based management has been made possible, which has a pilot character with its concrete contributions to the NDCs of Indonesia.
- Approximately 350 employees of relevant authorities were trained in methods for recording biodiversity, forest degradation and coal reserves.
- Approximately 35 employees of relevant authorities were trained in methods for recording biomass and biodiversity loss after land and forest fires.
- Approx. 360 employees of relevant authorities and supporting organisations were trained in the development of pragmatic, participatory protection and management concepts as well as in the design of participatory planning processes.
- Approximately 290 representatives of all affected village communities were trained to participate in the planning and implementation of participatory protection and management concepts.
- Approximately 30 representatives of 5 selected village communities were trained in the forest fire prevention module as part of the protection and management concepts.
- Data bases for the protection and sustainable management of areas of high biodiversity as well as for the measurement of avoided deforestation and forest degradation were compiled, e.g: - Analysis of land use and the dynamics of land use changes including fragmentation since 1990 - Based on this, a study on the current forest type distribution and the current forest condition with special reference to fragmentation as well as to above-ground biomass, carbon sequestration and biological species diversity is started. - Recording of 120 inventory points in four ecosystems (e.g. 425 tree species and identification of tree species-related key species)
- Development of a framework for a set of bioindicators in 2014 to assess the quality of forest ecosystems and to define parameters for the levels landscape, habitat, population/species and to measure forest degradation. This was further developed in 2015 on the basis of the inventory data and extended in 2016 to include an indicator set for species diversity analyses.
- The loss of biomass and biodiversity, in particular due to land and forest fires, was calculated for South Sumatra and a rehabilitation concept for pilot areas was developed.
- A server online database system was installed at the University of Sriwijaya Palembang. The system is used for protected area designation as well as land use planning, research and reporting. The biodiversity information system South Sumatra Biodiversity Information Network (SSBIN) is an integral part of the Convention on Biological Diversity and a platform for knowledge sharing. It also aims to provide biodiversity data for the National Information System on Biodiversity (InaBIF). The Internet portal was connected to the national level in 2017.
- The forest data management system Spatial Data Network on Forestry (JDSK) was developed for the forest services at provincial level.
- In cooperation with the National Forestry Training Institute, both the local population and the local partners were trained in selected pilot areas in basic modules on land use rights and the resolution of conflicts in land use. Basic features of the Participatory Ecological Management (PEM) instrument were introduced at the local level.
- Adoption of a subnational biodiversity strategy in 2017 involving (technical) administration, science, non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and the private sector. An editorial team was established, which met in regular working groups and coordinated its results.