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Biodiversity conservation and utilisation of ecosystem services in wetlands of transboundary significance in the Nile Basin

As of: October 2018

Objective and activities

The Nile and its most important tributaries cross several large wetland areas, the most prominent being the Sudd Marshes. Not only are these wetlands extremely relevant for biodiversity conservation (some national parks, protected areas under the Ramsar Convention), but they also provide significant regional (high and low water regulation; ensuring downstream water quality) and local ecosystem services (livelihoods). In the NBI, the Nile riparian states have created a joint framework for coordinated management of the disputed water resources of the Nile. The project objective is to develop the capacities of the NBI and its member states for sustainable transboundary management of relevant wetlands based on an ecosystem management approach. The project implements measures to address knowledge gaps and to integrate “green infrastructure” into the basin development plans for the Nile basin. These measures are complemented by pilot measures in transboundary river basins shared each between two countries. The project contributes to biodiversity conservation (Aichi Targets for ecosystem service utilisation; taking biodiversity into account in political and sectorial planning processes) and to ecosystem-based adaptation to climate change.

State of implementation/results

  • A cooperation agreement between the NBI and the secretariat of RAMSAR Convention was signed manifesting the cooperation on wetlands and river basin planning as well as the participation in the RAMSAR/ESA programme “Global wetland Africa – satellite based wetland observation systems in Africa”.
  • The partner countries issued a governance-mechanism for the collaboration of the Ministry of Environment and the Ministry of Water – the “NBI Wetlands Expert Group”. The national ministries which are responsible for river basins as well as wetland management are represented in that group. A regional workshop by the NBI Wetlands Expert Group and the strategic partners of the NBI is planned in June 2016.
  • The “NBI Policy Framework on Environmental Flow Management” by the Nile Council of Ministers was adopted in June 2016.

Project data

Burundi, Egypt, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, The Democratic Republic of Congo, Uganda

Implementing organisation:
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH

Partner institution(s):
  • Nile Basin Initiative (NBI)
  • Nile Basin Initiative (NBI)

BMU grant:
€ 6,000,000

10/2015 till 03/2020


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