Climate protection in the Mexican urban policy (CiClim)
As of: December 2019
Objective and activities
Mexico is faced with rapid urbanization processes and urban sprawl, which is associated with rising greenhouse gas emissions, as well as interventions in ecosystems and confronts the urban policy of the country with major challenges. A climate-friendly urban development policy is necessary to bring about emission reductions, to obtain ecosystem services and to reduce environmental pollution. Against this background, the project provides advice across sectors to relevant actors at national, state and municipal governments in the areas of: (a) climate specific urban planning (b) conservation of ecosystem services in urban and peri-urban spaces, and (c) sustainable urban mobility. In pilot cities climate-friendly concepts and instructions are tested for their practicality. The results of the practice and the exchange of experiences with other countries serve the up-scaling effects.
State of implementation/results
- Selection of the following five pilot cities: • Hermosillo, capital of federal state of Sonora • León, major city in the federal state of Guanajuato • Mérida, capital of federal state of Yucatán • Morelia, capital of federal state of Michoacán • Tlaquepaque, part of the metropolitan region of Guadalajara = capital of federal state of Jalisco
- Organisation of the international Forum on Green Infrastructure and Climate Change on the 22nd and 23rd March 2018 in Mexico City (iki-alliance.mx/…)
- Integrate climate change adaptation, sustainable mobility and ecosystem services into Morelia Urban Development Plan
- Establishment of a digital platform for green infrastructure and urban mobility together with the Mexican University UNAM and project partners
- The economic evaluation of ecosystem services in three nature reserves in Morelia, León and Mérida has begun. Among other things, the contributions to climate regulation, water infiltration, air quality and the reduction of the effects of natural events such as floods and extreme heat will be considered. The goal is a better consideration of ecosystem services in planning processes and political decisions
- "CiClim cities pedal for low-emission development": More than 2000 cyclists were interviewed in the 5 programme cities about reasons and barriers for cyclists' use. The methodology developed for this purpose is simple and cost-effective, so that it can easily be replicated by other city governments or civil society. Building on this, more than 100 key local actors were trained in strategies for increasing cycling traffic. --The project advises more than 130 people in 10 rural communities on business models for better marketing of regional products, appropriate use of chemicals in agriculture and sustainable forest management. In this way, the project contributes to more efficient resource use and sustainable economic development in peripheral urban areas. One focus of consultancy is the Cuxtal reserve near Mérida/Yucatán, which has a high indigenous population.