Conservation of Biodiversity in the Northern Regions of Russia to achieve CBD Goals through Extension and Strengthening of a Protected Areas Network adapted to Climate Change.
As of: December 2019
Objective and activities
Half of the arctic territory forms part of Russia, which therefor has a high responsability for the survival of its unique biodiversity. Arctic ecosystems are particularly threatened by climate change, but on the other hand offer great opportunities to contribute to the implementation of the CBD targets. The project aims at designing a network of protected areas, which anticipates the effects of climate change and the increasing industrial development. In doing so, every arctic biom and traditional way of life shall be considered and integrated. At the same time, the impacts of climate change to the region's economic development will be assessed in order to mitigate negative effects on biodiversity. Adapatation plans for indigenous and traditional communities will be designed and piloted.
State of implementation/results
- The Geophysical Observatory (MGO) of the Russian Hydrometeorological Service completed the analysis of recent climate changes (1990-2016), the following three decades and by the end of the century in the northern regions (Nenets Autonomous Area, Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Area, Taimyr District, Sakha Republic, Chukchi Autonomous Area) of Russia in January 2018.
- A model for climate-smart protected areas was developed. For the Russian Arctic, 85 areas were identified, 46 of them in the project regions. Based on this, a report on "Climate change and impacts on habitats and vegetation" was published.
- The Red List (second edition) of the AK Nenzen was revised.
- At the end of June 2019, the regional reserve "Kolguyevskiy Zakaznik" was designated in the Nenets Autonomous District. 3 further protected areas are planned: Kytalyk National Park, Spoonbilled Sandpiper Coast Nature Park and 1 regional reserve "Zakaznik Vivi Lake" in the district Krasnoyarsk (Taimyr Region).
- Preliminary management plans have been drawn up for each federal protected area on the basis of studies on management effectiveness and performance of protected areas.
- In order to establish the SMART monitoring tool, various training sessions were conducted.
- The relationship of Arctic protected areas to the local population was the subject of a study and in meetings of representatives of NGOs, protected areas and experts for social projects.
- In order to better understand the needs and interests of indigenous communities in the northern regions, an ethnological-socioeconomic overview study of the various indigenous minorities was conducted.
- In social media the user community "Khraniteli Severa" (Northern Nature Keepers) was founded to motivate committed (young) people from the target regions to network and to publish information about climate change, its impacts and project-relevant information. Together with the initiative, a series of training courses for local Arctic residents were offered to stimulate local project initiatives in nature conservation and thus to establish project themes and objectives in the target regions. Online seminars with professional trainers were conducted with a first group of 46 participants. online.happy-arctic.ru
- In May 2018, participants of the “Northern Nature Keepers” Initiative produced three films at the AK der Nenzen that show people's culture, life and connection to Arctic nature. yadi.sk/… In addition, a competition supported 5 small-scale projects to improve cooperation with protected areas and climate change adaptation at local level.
- In order to obtain information about distribution, migration routes, key areas of wild reindeer and to monitor them with regard to the influence of climate change, the Taimyr Zapovednik administration was equipped with satellite transmitters for reindeer. Ten reindeer have so far been equipped with satellite transmitters. A video and online articles about the reindeer montoring: yadi.sk/… www.ttelegraf.ru/… zapovedsever.ru/… norilsk-zv.ru/…