Cultivation of energy plants on set-aside mining sites in Viet Nam - pilot project
As of: November 2018
Objective and activities
The project's major objective is to demonstrate the feasibility of the cultivation of bioenergy crops on abandoned mining sites in Viet Nam. Furthermore it aims to demonstrate possibilities for defusing the conflict between the cultivation of food crops and the cultivation of bioenergy crops, reintroducing abandoned mining sites into the economic cycle, strengthening climate protection through innovative green technologies, and establishing local sources of income. The economic viability and agricultural feasibility will be demonstrated with selected energy crop species on sample sites through the whole cycle of sowing, monitoring and harvest. The development of economic and legal framework for the cultivation of bioenergy crops in Viet Nam will be addressed as well.
- Analysis of the potential for growing energy crops on contaminated sites and brownfields in Viet Nam - Feasibility Study
State of implementation/results
- An festive event at the start of the project was hosted in Hanoi which has received large interest.
- Three mining sites (coal, wolfram, bauxite) have been identified and selected for the plantation of the energy crops in different provinces.
- Only local energy crops were selected for all three sites, taking into account their suitability for differently contaminated soils.
- The first planting took place at all three sites in 2016.
- Perennial plants are cared for, while annuals are planted again or partly be replaced by new plant species.
- Pre-surveys of the brownfield land register for mining sites have been carried out and the basic structure has been developed together with the Vietnamese partner. The first locations have already been added.
- Development of a manual for energy crop cultivation on contaminated fallow land in Vietnam is in progress.
- Utilization scenarios and recovery paths of energy crops were investigated: biogas for domestic use; Bioethanol as fuel additive and large-scale for electricity generation.
- National expert discussions and advice to Vietnamese stakeholders on energy crops, e.g. Round tables, colloquia or workshops
- international exchange, e.g. on the Vietnamese delegation in June 2016