Ecosystem-based Adaptation strategies to climate change in Colombia and Ecuador
As of: October 2018
Objective and activities
The project contributes to the reduction of climate change vulnerability of local communities in the project regions of Colombia and Ecuador. It integrates the ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA) approach in relevant politics, plans and strategies of governmental bodies and implements its measures. Local-level strategies will be planned and implemented. The understanding of climate risks and reactivities will be strengthened for national and local authorities through capacity development in both project countries. The adoption of the EbA approach by governmental bodies, the private sector, local communities and other stakeholders will be supported via political instruments.
State of implementation/results
- Both countries analysed existing vulnerability analyses and climate data, identified information gaps and carried out selective studies to fill the gaps.
- In Colombia, the project team and its partners identified, assessed and prioritised EbA measures. Currently, 4,300 m² are in process of restoration through EbA measures.
- In Ecuador, 33,000 seedlings were handed over to communities for agroforestry activities in the buffer zone of tropical dry forest. 167 families will benefit from the activities.
- EbA measures in Ecuador focus on agrobiodiversity, ecotourism, sustainable water management, sustainable livestock management (especially goats), and the declaration of a municipal community-protected area.
- Eba measures in Colombia include the restoration of two rivers in Cartagena and the partial reforestation of a mangrove forest.
- Both countries developed a capacity development programme with several modules and aimed at specific target groups. So far, 87 people from 30 different institutions participated in the trainings in Ecuador; in Colombia, more than 1,000 people assisted the programme during a total of 17 workshops.
- One objective of the Ecuadorian programme is to foster the integration of EbA into planning instruments used by public institutions and NGOs. It also envisages to become part of advanced trainings for schools in the province Manabí. In Colombia, more than 30 companies participated in three training courses in Cartagena, with the aim to integrate EbA into their corporate strategies.
- For the work package “EbA Mainstreaming and Upscaling”, Ecuador chose the watershed of Portoviejo River to implement additional EbA measures, which shall include, i.e., agroforestry. Furthermore, the project and representatives of the provincial governments drafted guidelines on how to integrate EbA into provincial planning instruments.
- In Colombia, the province Córdoba implemented additional activities for EbA upscaling, which include water channel restoration of Sinú River as well as the construction of greenhouses for smallholder farmers. In addition, concepts for the integration of sustainable water management into regional development plans as well as for a CO2 compensation mechanism for major events, serving for the long-term financing of EbA measures, were developed for Cartagena. The concept are currently being evaluated by the City Council. - The Colombian National Planning Department DNP published the National Adaptation Plan in an easily accessible format (virtual exploration) on its website in 2017: www.dnp.gov.co/…
- Both countries developed and are currently implementing individual communication strategies, including events for regional exchange of experience, videos, web articles, publications and news in the social media. In Colombia, a document on EbA and a handbook on the capacity development programme shall be published in 2018.
- The project continued its cooperation with other ICI and GIZ projects in the region, e.g. by attending events in Mexico, Peru and Panama. The project experiences are to be presented at the international conference "Adaptation Futures 2018" in July. Two side events organised by the Colombian Ministry of the Environment have been reserved for this purpose.
- In addition, the project has formed valuable alliances with various actors in Colombia, including local non-governmental organisations, universities, a university consulting firm, the Cartagena Chamber of Commerce and the National Association of Advertising Agencies.